EFA / ELEMENTARY FIRST AID EXIT EXAM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2.0

  • Sharp, stabbing twinges of pain in the chest is a sure sign of heart attack
  1. TRUE
  2. FALSE              *
  • The accepted treatment for a sprained ankle is
  1. remove the shoe and check for swelling using the capillary reflex method
  2. keep the shoe on apply an ankle bandage for support, elevate and apply cold towels              *
  3. keep the shoe on, apply an ankle splint and apply heat if possible
  4. have the victim walk or move as soon as possible to prevent stiffness
  • A crew has his finger severed off, what action would be the best ?
  1. Put the severed end of the finger back in the place wrap entire finger in sterile gauze and transport to hospital immediately
  2. Wrap the severed finger in sterile gauze place it in a plastic bag, put the bag on ice transport both finger and the victim to the hospital                         *
  3. Place the severed  finger in a plastic bag have the crew place the bag under his armpit transport immediately to the hospital
  4. Place a tourniquet  at the stub where the finger severed to  control bleeding transport to hospital immediately
  • When performing CPR on  a child how deep should the chest compression be ?
  1. 11/2 inches                     *
  2. 2 inches
  3. 21/2 inches
  4. 3 inches
  • Which of the following techniques is not suitable for moving an unconscious victim ?
  1. Improvised stretcher
  2. Four handed seat carry          *
  3. Two person carry
  4. Blanket drag
  • The primary symptom of the advanced stages of hypothermia requiring immediate medical attention is violent shivering
  1. True
  2. False            *
  • Which of the following correctly describes the CPR technique for an adult
  1. Four  cycle for 15 compressions  followed by one breath each minute
  2. one cycle of one breath and 10 compression each 2 to 3 inches deep  per minute
  3. twelve  cycles of one breath and 5 compressions per minute
  4. four cycles of Two breaths and 15 compressions per minutes                   *
  • Severe bleeding is a “hurry case” . which one of the following statements is true
  1. Bleeding can seldom be stopped with direct pressure
  2. A tourniquet is almost always required to control serious bleeding
  3. Should the first sterile pad used become blood soaked, immediately remove it and apply another
  4. Try to avoid direct contact with the victim’s blood by using latex gloves or another barriers                     *
  • A person indicates that he was bitten by a snake what do you do ?
  1. Apply ice to the wound and take to the nearest fire station or hospital
  2. wash the wound  keeping injured area lower than the heart get professional medical care within 30 minutes                  *
  3. cut a 1” cross at the site if injury  and suck the poison out apply ice
  4. elevate injured area apply ice and get professional medical  care within 30 minutes
  • What should you do if you think the victim are serious internal bleeding
  1. Apply heat to the injured area
  2. Give fluids to replace blood loss
  3. Call for medical assistance as quick as possible                     *
  4. Place the victim in a sitting position
  • To treat first degree burn you should ……
  1. Apply a good quality burn cream or ointment
  2. Clean the area thoroughly with hot soapy water
  3. Apply a constricting band between the burn and the heart
  4. Apply cool running water until there is little or no remaining pain                *
  • What do you do for a victim who has a bleeding injury to the mouth and you are sure about that there is no head neck or spine injury
  1. Keep victim seated with head tilted slightly forward
  2. Keep victim seated with head tilted slightly backward
  3. Have the victim lie down on their side
  4. Either E and C                         *
  • The accepted treatment for a nose bleed
  1. Use direct pressure elevation and pressure points to control the bleeding
  2. Tilt the head back and tightly squeeze the nostrils
  3. Have the victim lean forward apply gentle pressure on the nostril apply cold towels                   *
  4. Lay the victim on his back  and treat foe shock apply heat if available
  • What treatment does a victim who’s life threatening condition is “not breathing” need ?
  1. The Helimich maneuver two rescue breaths and CPR
  2. Start CPR immediately
  3. Twelve to fifteen recue breaths per min and correct CPR
  4. You should follow the steps for rescue breathing              *
  • Shock is a condition where
  1. The respiratory system fails to deliver air to the lungs
  2. The cardiovascular system fails to deliver blood to the heart
  3. The circulatory system fails to deliver blood to all parts of the body           *
  4. All of the above
  • Internal bleeding can be caused by
  1. Injury
  2. Illness
  3. Medication
  4. All of the above              *
  • What is the appropriate treatment for a suspected broken collarbone or shoulder ?
  1. Apply a simple sling. Bind the sling to the chest with a cravat                 *
  2. Use the cross your heart padded chest support system
  3. Use the flail chest protection system
  4. Apply a modified “Johnson traction splint”
  • What would you do if a victim had a body part torn or cut off ?
  1. Wrap severe body part in sterile gauze
  2. Place in a plastic bag
  3. Put the plastic bag on ice and take it to the hospital with victim
  4. All of the above               *
  • When performing CPR on a child you give ……
  1. 4 slow breaths & 20 chest compressions
  2. 1 slow breaths & 5 chest compressions                        *
  3. 2 slow breaths & 10 chest compressions
  4. 2 slow breaths & 15 chest compressions
  • White or greyish yellow patches on someone’s ears noses or checks are signs of
  1. Frostbite                    *
  2. Cold related stress disorder
  3. Anaphylactic shock
  4. Hypothermia
  • The emergency responder is one link in the chain of services known as the
  1. Emergency crew care (ECC) system
  2. Emergency medical services (EMS) system            *
  3. Professional emergency care (PEC) system
  4. Community medical care (CMC) system
  • To reduce the risk of respiratory infection and pneumonia where medical care is delayed, responders should
  1. Have the patient breathe deeply and cough              *
  2. Provide the patient with adequate hydration
  3. Position the patient in the position of comfort
  4. Ensure the patient is kept warm and t rest
  • The best way to prevent a critical incident stress situation from becoming worse is
  1. Ignore it
  2. Be familiar with the signs and symptoms            *
  3. Ensure early use of proper medication
  4. Force the responder to talk about the situation
  • Which of the following is  sign of severe airway obstruction ?
  1. Forceful cough
  2. Wheezing
  3. High pitched inhalation noise
  4. All of the above           *
  • Why is CPR important ?
  1. It provides a small supply of blood and oxygen to the brain and vital organs              *
  2. It keeps the heart breaking
  3. It keeps the aorta from collapsing
  4. It prevent cardiac arrest
  • What is the name of the type of stretcher often found on board ?
  1. The canvas pole stretcher
  2. The Neil Robertson stretcher              *
  3. The SOLAS stretcher
  4. The Heart Imco stretcher
  • A crew o your ship has a severe cut in the groin area what do you do ?
  1. Cover the wound with a sterile dressing applying direct pressure               *
  2. Elevate the student’s feet and apply a sterile dressing to the wound, ply pressure to groin area
  3. Drive the bus to nearest hospital or fire station
  4. Cover wound with sterile dressing and apply pressure to femoral artery pressure
  • What symptoms would indicate internal bleeding ?
  1. Rapid weak pulse, excessive thirst
  2. Skin that feels cold or moist, or look pale or bluish
  3. Tender, swollen, bruised or hard areas of his body, such as abdomen
  4. All of the above                 *
  • Which arteries pressure point is located on front of upper leg jus below the middle of crease of groin ?
  1. Radial artery
  2. Popliteal artery
  3. Branchial artery
  4. Femoral artery                     *
  • When communicating with patients
  1. Stay at eye level and maintain eye contact                       *
  2. Stay as close to the patient as possible
  3. Use medical terminology to enhance credibility
  4. Hide facts of the situation is serious
  • The onset of shock in infants and children
  1. May be sudden and severe
  2. Is no different than adults
  3. Usually progresses slowly
  4. Usually results from cardiac problems           *
  • If you are the first person to discover the fire, what should you do ?
  1. Leave the building immediately
  2. Head to your locker and get your personal items
  3. Pick up a fire extinguisher and tackle the fire
  4. Activate the fire alarm          *
  • Your role in making the first aid successful work effectively includes four steps
  1. Elevate, identify, decide, execute
  2. Check, cal, care, protect
  3. Recognize, decide, call, provide                 *
  4. None of the above
  • Where does the partly digested food ( in liquid form) goes after it leaves stomach ?
  1. Gullet
  2. Appendix
  3. Small intestine        *
  4. Large intestine
  • You have someone who is pale, sweating, profusely, trembling and acting aggressively. They appear drunk but do not smell of alcohol. What may be wrong with them ?
  1. They are suffering from a diabetic emergency                      *
  2. They are suffering from a heart attack
  3. They are suffering from an epileptic seizure
  4. They are suffering from a stroke
  • A lung is an individual organ composed of tubular structures and alveoli bound together by fibrous connective tissue
  1. True
  2. False           *
  • Pelvic fracture can cause severe and even life threatening bleeding in to the
  1. Pelvic areas
  2. Abdominal cavities
  3. Large intestine
  4. A & B            *
  • What do you do for a victim who has a bleeding injury to the mouth and you are sure that there is no head , neck or spine injury ?
  1. Keep victim seated with head tilted slightly forward
  2. Keep victim seated with head tilted slightly backward
  3. Have the victim lie down on their side
  4. Either A or C    *
  • On an infant, if you are the lone rescuer, you should perform compressions
  1. Using to finger just below the nipple line                 *
  2. Using the heel of one hand just below he nipple line
  3. Using the heal of two hands just below the nipple line
  4. None of the above
  • On an infant where you check the pulse ?
  1. Inside the wrist just above the hand
  2. On the neck to the right or left side of the wind pipe
  3. Behind the knee cap
  4. Inside the arm between the elbow and shoulder                        *

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