EFA / ELEMENTARY FIRST AID EXIT EXAM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 1.0

EFA / ELEMENTARY FIRST AID EXIT EXAM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS AS PER DG SHIPPING EXIT EXAM LISTED BELOW WITH ANSWERS.

  • What does ‘A’ stand for in the acronym DRABC  ?
  1. Ambulance
  2. Alert
  3. Airway                *
  4. Accident
  • What is the best way to control bleeding ?

Direct pressure        *

Use of a tourniquet

Elevation

Pressure points

  • A burn should be immersed or placed under water for at least ______ minutes
  1. 5 min
  2. 10 min       *
  3. 15 min
  4. 20 min
  • The symptom of shock includes
  1. Low blood pressure
  2. Rapid, shallow breathing
  3. Rapid, weak pulse
  4. All of the above                    *
  • When caring for someone who has suffered an electric shock, you would not ______
  1. Check breathing and pulse
  2. Check for possible fractures                  *
  3. Cool the burned areas
  4. Treat for shock
  • Fluid should not be given by ______ when internal injury is suspected
  1. Ears
  2. Nose
  3. IV injections                           *
  4. Mouth
  • What is an open fracture ?
  1. A fracture in which the bone ends can move around
  2. A fracture in which the bone is exposed as the skin is broken                               *
  3. A fracture which causes complications such as a punctured lung
  4. A fracture in which the bone has bent and split
  • What should you do if you think the victim has serious internal bleeding ?
  1. Apply heat to the injured areas
  2. Give fluids to replace blood loss
  3. Call for medical assistance as quickly as possible                     *
  4. Place the victim in a sitting position
  • How should you pen the airway of an unconscious casualty ?
  1. Head tilt and chin lift                    *
  2. Jaw thrust
  3. Head tilt and jaw thrust
  4. Lift the chin
  • What steps would you take to control bleeding from a nose bleed ?
  1. Sit casualty down, lean forward and pinch soft part of nose                              *
  2. Sit casualty down, lean backward and pinch soft part of nose
  3. Lie casualty down and pinch soft part of nose
  4. Lie casualty down and pinch top of the nose
  • What is fainting ?
  1. A response to fear
  2. An unexpected collapse
  3. A brief loss of consciousness                    *
  4. A sign of flu
  • What is the definition of the “hurry cases” ?
  1. Breathing ,bleeding and broken bones
  2. Any condition that threatens victims life                *
  3. Any illness where the victim vomits
  4. Any accident requiring arm sling
  • An unconscious casualty is lying on their back and has a broken leg, What position is best for the casualty ?
  1. Leave them as they
  2. Sitting up position
  3. Recovery position              *
  4. Lying down with the legs raised
  • What is first aid ?
  1. Completing a primary survey
  2. The first help given to the victim of an accident                  *
  3. Assessing a victims vital signal
  4. Treating a victim for shock
  • To treat a first degree burn you should ____
  1. Apply a good quality burn cream or ointment
  2. Clean the area thoroughly with hot soapy water
  3. Apply a constricting band between the burn and the heart
  4. Apply cool running water until there is little or no remaining pain                       *
  • What should a casualty with a severe allergy carry at all times
  1. Insulin
  2. HCQ
  3. Adrenaline              *
  4. Aspirin
  • What is the ratio of compressions to breaths when performing  cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) ?
  1. 15 breaths : 1 compression
  2. 20 breaths : 2 compression
  3. 30 compressions : 2 breaths                           *
  4. 30 breaths : 2 compressions (adults) & 15 breaths : 1 compression (children)
  • To flush an eye that has been exposed to a chemical, have the injured eye lower than the unaffected eye.
  1. TRUE          *
  2. FALSE
  • Which of the following includes the top layers of skin and involve blistering ?
  1. First degree burn
  2. Second degree burn      *
  3. Third degree skin
  4. All of the above
  • When dealing with an unconscious casualty we should check upto ____for normal breathing.
  1. 5 seconds
  2. 10 seconds      *
  3. 20 seconds
  4. 30 seconds
  • What is the best method of avoiding accident in workplace ?
  1. By wearing safety equipment
  2. Doing things in one’s own way
  3. By observing safety precautions         *
  4. Doing things with highly skilled working practice
  • What will be the effect if a person shows the symptoms of drowsiness ?
  1. Activeness
  2. Laziness
  3. Conscious
  4. Unconscious         *
  • Which of the  following behaviours reduces your risk for injury ?
  1. Always wearing a safety belt when working
  2. Limiting intake of alcohol
  3. Limiting intake of foods high in cholesterol
  4. Both a and b        *
  • A wound where there is damage to the soft tissue and blood vessel under the skin is calle ____
  1. A scrape
  2. A cut
  3. A bruise             *
  4. A avulsion
  • When performing CPR on an adult how deep should the chest compression be ?
  1. 1 1/2  inches
  2. 2 inches             *
  3. 2 1/2  inches
  4. 3 inches
  • Shock is a condition where
  1. The respiratory system fails to deliver air to the lungs
  2. The cardiovascular system fails to deliver blood to the heart
  3. The circulatory system fails to deliver blood to all body parts of the body           *
  4. All of the above
  • What do you do for a victim who ha a bleeding injury to the mouth and you are sure that there is no head, neck, or spine injury
  1. Keep victim seated with head tilted slightly forward
  2. Keep victim seated with head tilted slightly backward
  3. Have the victim lie down on their side
  4. Either A or C                *
  • What symptoms are associated with heat exhaustion_____
  1. Cool, moist, pale, or flushed skin            *
  2. Rapid weak pulse
  3. Rapid, shallow breathing
  4. All of the above
  • When caring for someone who is suffering from frostbite, you should not___
  1. Soak effected part in warm water 100 to 105 degrees
  2. Rub vigorously until skin appears red and feels warm                 *
  3. Handle area gently
  4. Avoid breaking blisters

When giving care or external bleeding, what should you do first ?

  1. Elevate the injury
  2. Apply direct pressure        *
  3. Apply a loose dressing
  4. Apply a tourniquet
  • when caring for a victim who has an objective impaled in their hand you should ____
  1. Remove the object, flush with cold water and transport to hospital
  2. Immobilize the object by placing several dressings around it             *
  3. Break object off where it sticks out, and bandage injury
  4. None of the above
  • A victim is coughing up blood with bleeding from the mouth and is tender in the abdomen. Pulse is weak and rapid. The victim is having signs
  1. Massive head injuries
  2. Internal bleeding                    *
  3. Drug overdose
  4. Possible poisoning
  • What is the first thing you should do for someone you  suspect  has  an electrical burn ?
  1. Check for breathing and a pulse
  2. Check to see if electricity is turned off           *
  3. Check for severe bleeding
  4. Check for shock
  • What should you do if someone is unconscious, but you are not a trained first aider?
  1. Get medical help immediately
  2. Try to perform CPR on the crew
  3. Move the crew on to their back            *
  4. Slap the crew to see if they would wake up
  • How should you open the airway of an unconscious casualty?
  1. Head tilt and chin lift                  *
  2. Jaw thrust
  3. Head tilt and jaw thrust
  4. Lift the chin
  • How can you reduce the risk of disease transmission when caring for open bleeding wounds ?
  1. Wash your hands immediately after giving care
  2. Avoid direct contact with the blood
  3. Use protective barriers such as gloves or plastic wrap
  4. All of the above            *
  • The type of shock that is caused by a severe infection is called
  1. Septic          *
  2. Psychogenic
  3. Cardiogenic
  4. Haemorrhage
  • You should suspect that a victim has head and spine injuries for…..
  1. An accident involving a lightning strike
  2. A person found unconscious for unknown reasons
  3. A fall from the height greater than the victim’s height
  4. All of the above             *
  • The accepted treatment for a femur or thigh fracture is
  1. Place a short padded splint on each side of the leg
  2. This type of fracture is best handled by a traction splint applied by those with special training                       *
  3. Move the victim before properly applying a leg splint
  4. Bind both legs with two long splints using two cravats, one above and one below the break
  • Of the following casualties, which would you care for first/ the casualty who is
  1. In shock without apparent injuries but conscious
  2. Unconscious and lying on his back
  3. Bleeding from the forehead but conscious
  4. Unconscious and lying on his stomach            *

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