Germany’s cultural variety carries immense richness, nestled among its nine neighboring countries. Its landscape, culture, visual art, architecture, and, of course, beer have all contributed to its fame. This country of poets and thinkers has one of the world’s largest and most stable economies, as well as the European Union’s second-largest population.
In addition to its sumptuous meat-filled platters and beer-filled jugs, Germany is a land of mystifying landscapes, quaint cities, teleporting castles, hipster lanes, and nap-inducing feasts! Since classical antiquity, various Germanic tribes have lived in the northern areas of modern-day Germany.
Before the year 100, there was a region known as Germania. German regions were an important part of the Holy Roman Empire in the 10th century. Northern German territories formed the epicenter of the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. In 1815, the German Confederation was founded following the Napoleonic Wars and the breakup of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, respectively.
When most German states merged into the Prussian-dominated German Empire in 1871, Germany became a nation-state. The Empire was superseded by the semi-presidential Weimar Republic after World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919.
The establishment of a dictatorship, World War II, and the Holocaust followed the Nazi seizure of power in 1933. Germany was divided into the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) following the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation.
The German Democratic Republic was a communist Eastern Bloc state and a member of the Warsaw Pact, while the Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community and the European Union. Following the fall of communism, the former East German states joined the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990, transforming the country into a federal parliamentary republic.
Germany is a big power with a powerful economy; it is Europe’s largest economy, the world’s fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the world’s fifth-largest economy by PPP. It is both the world’s third-largest exporter and importer of products, as a global leader in various industrial, scientific, and technological fields.
As a developed country with a high Human Development Index, it provides social security and a universal health-care system, as well as environmental safeguards and tuition-free university education. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). It is home to the third-most UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world.
The Carolingian Empire was formed by Charlemagne in 800; it was divided in 843, and the Holy Roman Empire developed from the eastern half. From the Rhine in the west to the Elbe River in the east, and from the North Sea to the Alps, the territory known as East Francia once spanned.
Several large duchies were consolidated under the Ottonian emperors (919–1024). Gregory V was the first German Pope, selected by his cousin Otto III, whom he crowned Holy Roman Emperor shortly after. Under the Salian emperors (1024–1125), the Holy Roman Empire annexed northern Italy and Burgundy, yet the emperors lost power due to the Investiture debate.
German princes supported German settlement to the south and east under the Hohenstaufen emperors (1138–1254). (Ostsiedlung). The Hanseatic League’s members, predominantly north German towns, benefited from the expansion of trade.
The population began to drop in 1315 after the Great Famine, which was followed by the Black Death in 1348–50. The Golden Bull of 1356 established the Empire’s constitutional system and regulated the emperor’s election by seven prince-electors.
The introduction of moveable-type printing to Europe by Johannes Gutenberg laid the groundwork for the democratization of knowledge. Martin Luther sparked the Protestant Reformation in 1517, and his Bible translation helped to standardize the language; the 1555 Peace of Augsburg accepted the “Evangelical” faith (Lutheranism), but also stated that the prince’s faith was to be the faith of his subjects (cuius regio, eius religio). Religious conflict destroyed German regions and greatly diminished the population from the Cologne War through the Thirty Years’ Wars (1618–1648).
The Peace of Westphalia put an end to religious strife among the Imperial Estates, allowing their primarily German-speaking rulers to select between Roman Catholicism, Lutheranism, and the Reformed faith as their official religion. A series of Imperial Reforms (about 1495–1555) established a legal structure that allowed for significant local autonomy and a stronger Imperial Diet.
From 1438 until Charles VI’s death in 1740, the House of Habsburg controlled the imperial throne. When Charles VI’s son, Francis I, became Emperor after the War of Austrian Succession and the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, his daughter Maria Theresa ruled as Empress Consort.
From 1740, German history was dominated by dualism between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Kingdom of Prussia. Prussia and Austria, as well as the Russian Empire, agreed to partition Poland in 1772, 1793, and 1795.
Most of the Free Imperial Cities were annexed by dynastic regions during the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic era, and the consequent final assembly of the Imperial Diet; the ecclesiastical areas were secularized and annexed. During the Napoleonic Wars, France, Russia, Prussia, and the Habsburgs (Austria) battled for predominance in the German states when the Imperium was dissolved in 1806.
Germany is Europe’s seventh-largest country, borders Denmark on the north, Poland and the Czech Republic on the east, Austria on the southeast, and Switzerland on the south-west. To the west are France, Luxembourg, and Belgium, with the Netherlands to the northwest. The Baltic Sea is to the north-northeast of Germany, as is the North Sea. 357,022 km2 (137,847 sq mi) of German territory is made up of 348,672 km2 (134,623 sq mi) of land and 8,350 km2 (3,224 sq mi) of water.
The elevation spans from the Alps (highest point: the Zugspitze at 2,963 meters or 9,721 feet) in the south to the North Sea (Nordsee) and Baltic Sea (Ostsee) coasts in the northwest and northeast, respectively.
The Rhine, Danube, and Elbe run through central Germany’s forested uplands and northern Germany’s lowlands (lowest point: Wilstermarsch in the municipality Neuendorf-Sachsenbande, at 3.54 meters or 11.6 feet below sea level). Iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, uranium, copper, natural gas, salt, and nickel are all important natural resources.
The majority of Germany has a moderate climate, with oceanic influences in the north and continental influences in the east and southeast. Summers can range from hot and dry to cool and rainy, with winters ranging from cold in the Southern Alps to pleasant. Winters are often gloomy with little precipitation, while summers can range from hot and dry to cool and rainy. The predominant westerly winds in the northern regions bring moist air in from the North Sea, lowering temperatures and increasing precipitation. The southeast, on the other hand, has more harsh weather.
From February 2019 to February 2020, average monthly temperatures in Germany ranged from 3.3 degrees Celsius (37.9 degrees Fahrenheit) in January 2020 to 19.8 degrees Celsius (67.6 degrees Fahrenheit) in June 2019. In February and April 2019, average monthly precipitation ranged from 30 litres per square metre to 125 litres per square metre.
In February 2020, average monthly precipitation ranged from 30 litres per square metre to 125 litres per square metre. The average number of hours of sunshine per month ranged from 45 in November to 300 in June. The highest temperature ever recorded in Germany was 42.6 °C in Lingen on July 25, 2019, while the lowest was 37.8 °C in Wolnzach on February 12, 1929.
The Atlantic mixed forests, Baltic mixed forests, Central European mixed forests, Western European broadleaf forests, and Alps conifer and mixed forests are the five terrestrial ecoregions that make up Germany’s area. As of 2016, agriculture occupied 51% of Germany’s land area, 30% of which is wooded, and 14% of which is covered by settlements or infrastructure.
Plants and animals native to Central Europe are among them. According to the National Forest Inventory, beeches, oaks, and other deciduous trees make up slightly over 40% of the forests, while conifers, mainly spruce and pine, make up the remaining 60%. Ferns, flowers, fungi, and mosses come in a wide variety of species.
Roe deer, wild boar, mouflon (a subspecies of wild sheep), fox, badger, hare, and a small number of Eurasian beavers are among the wild animals. The blue cornflower was originally a national symbol of Germany.
The Jasmund National Park, Vorpommern Lagoon Area National Park, Müritz National Park, Wadden Sea National Parks, Harz National Park, Hainich National Park, Black Forest National Park, Saxon Switzerland National Park, Bavarian Forest National Park, and Berchtesgaden National Park are among Germany’s 16 national parks.
There are also 17 Biosphere Reserves and 105 nature parks to visit. In Germany, there are around 400 zoos and animal parks. The Berlin Zoo, which first opened its doors in 1844, is Germany’s oldest and boasts the world’s largest collection of species.
Germany is a social market economy with a highly skilled workforce, low corruption, and high innovation. It is the world’s third-largest exporter and third-largest importer of products, and it boasts Europe’s largest economy, which is also the world’s fourth-largest by nominal GDP and fifth-largest by PPP.
In purchasing power parity terms, its GDP per capita is 121 percent of the EU27 average (100 percent ). As of 2017, the service sector accounts for roughly 69 percent of overall GDP, industry for 31%, and agricultural for 1%. Eurostat reports that the unemployment rate in January 2020 was 3.2 percent, which is the fourth-lowest in the EU.
Germany is a member of the European single market, which has a population of over 450 million people. According to the International Monetary Fund, the country accounted for 28% of the Eurozone economy in 2017. In 2002, Germany became the first country to implement the Euro as a shared European currency.
The European Central Bank, headquartered in Frankfurt, is in charge of the country’s monetary policy. Germany’s automotive sector is recognized as one of the most competitive and innovative in the world, and it is the fourth-largest in terms of production. Vehicles, machinery, chemical goods, electronic items, electrical equipments, medicines, transport equipments, basic metals, food products, and rubber and plastics are among Germany’s top 10 exports.
In the Fortune Global 500, 29 of the world’s 500 largest stock-market-listed firms assessed by sales in 2019 are headquartered in Germany. The DAX, a German stock market index operated by the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, includes 30 prominent German corporations. Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Volkswagen, Audi, Siemens, Allianz, Adidas, Porsche, Bosch, and Deutsche Telekom are all well-known international brands.
Berlin is a startup hotspot and the European Union’s #1 destination for venture capital-backed businesses. The Mittelstand model, which consists of a large number of specialized small and medium businesses, is well-known in Germany. These companies, dubbed “hidden champions,” account for 48% of global market share in their areas.
The German economy relies heavily on research and development initiatives. In terms of the number of science and engineering research papers published in 2018, Germany was rated fourth in the world. In 2019 and 2020, Germany was placed 9th in the Global Innovation Index.
The Max Planck Society, the Helmholtz Association, the Fraunhofer Society, and the Leibniz Association are among Germany’s research institutions. Germany is the European Space Agency’s largest contributor. With 37.4 million visitors in 2017, Germany is the world’s tenth most visited country. Berlin has surpassed Paris as Europe’s third most visited city.
Domestic and international travel and tourism contribute a total of €105.3 billion to the German economy. The industry supports 4.2 million jobs, including indirect and induced effects.
Cologne Cathedral, the Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag, the Dresden Frauenkirche, Neuschwanstein Castle, Heidelberg Castle, the Wartburg, and Sanssouci Palace are among Germany’s most visited and popular sites. The Europa-Park in Freiburg is the second most popular theme park resort in Europe. Major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular, have affected German culture.
Because of the significant role played by its scientists, writers, and philosophers in the development of Western thinking, Germany has been dubbed Das Land der Dichter und Denker (‘the land of poets and thinkers’). According to a global opinion poll recognised for the BBC, Germany had the most positive influence in the world in 2013 and 2014.
German folk festival traditions include Oktoberfest and Christmas customs such as Advent wreaths, Christmas pageants, Christmas trees, Stollen cakes, and other customs. UNESCO has listed 41 properties in Germany on the World Heritage List as of 2016. In Germany, each state determines a number of public holidays; since 1990, the 3rd of October has been a national holiday, known as the Tag der Deutschen Einheit (German Unity Day).
The works of writers like Walther von der Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach can be traced back to the Middle Ages in German literature. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, and Theodor Fontane are all well-known German authors. The Brothers Grimm’s collections of folk stories helped to popularize German folklore around the world.
The Grimms also collected and defined regional varieties of the German language, basing their work on historical considerations; their Deutsches Wörterbuch, or German Dictionary, began in 1838 and the first volumes were published in 1854.
Gerhart Hauptmann, Thomas Mann, Hermann Hesse, Heinrich Böll, and Günter Grass are some of the most influential authors of the twentieth century. After the United States and China, Germany has the world’s third-largest book market. With a 500-year history, the Frankfurt Book Fair is the most important in the world for international negotiations and trading. In Europe, the Leipzig Book Fair continues to hold a prominent place.
The contributions of Gottfried Leibniz to rationalism; Immanuel Kant’s enlightenment philosophy; Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling’s establishment of classical German idealism; Arthur Schopenhauer’s composition of metaphysical pessimism; Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels’ formulation of communist theory; Friedrich Nietzsche’s development of perspectivism;
According to the 2011 census, Christianity was Germany’s most popular religion, with 66.8% of respondents identifying as Christians, with only 3.8 percent not attending church. 31.7 percent identified as Protestants, including members of the Evangelical Church in Germany (which includes Lutherans, Reformed, and administrative or confessional unions of both traditions) and free churches (Evangelische Freikirchen); 31.2 percent identified as Roman Catholics; and 1.3 percent identified as Orthodox believers.
According to 2016 figures, the Catholic Church and the Evangelical Church each claimed 28.5 percent and 27.5 percent of the population, respectively. Islam is the country’s second-largest religion.
Islam was given as a religion by 1.9 percent of respondents (1.52 million persons) in the 2011 census, however this statistic is judged untrustworthy because a disproportionate number of Muslims (and other religions, such as Judaism) are believed to have used their right not to answer the question.
The number of Muslims are Sunnis and Alevites from Turkey, but Shi’ites, Ahmadiyyas, and other denominations are also present. Other religions account for fewer than 1% of the German population.
According to a 2018 poll, 38 percent of the population is not affiliated with any religious group or denomination, yet up to a third of the population may consider themselves religious. Irreligion is most prevalent in Germany’s former East Germany, which was primarily Protestant before official atheism was imposed, and in big metropolitan regions.
German cuisine varies by region, yet region regions frequently share some culinary commonalities (e.g. the southern regions of Bavaria and Swabia share some traditions with Switzerland and Austria). Pizza, sushi, Chinese food, Greek food, Indian cuisine, and doner kebab are all popular international dishes.
Bread is an important aspect of German cuisine, with over 600 different types of bread and 1,200 different types of pastries and rolls (Brötchen) produced by German bakeries. German cheeses account for roughly 22% of all European cheese production. Pork, poultry, or beef accounted for approximately 99 percent of all meat produced in Germany in 2012.
German sausages come in around 1,500 different types, including Bratwursts and Weisswursts. Beer is the national alcoholic beverage. In 2013, German beer consumption per capita was 110 litres (24 imp gal; 29 US gal), making it one of the highest in the world. Beer purity laws in Germany stretch back to the 16th century.
In several parts of the country, particularly near German wine regions, wine is growing more popular. Germany was the world’s ninth-largest wine producer in 2019. Eleven restaurants in Germany received three Michelin stars in the 2018 Michelin Guide, giving the country a total of 300 stars.
How To Reach Germany
1. By Air
Frankfurt, Berlin, and Munich are Germany’s primary international aviation hubs. Frankfurt (IATA: FRA), Munich (IATA: MUC), Düsseldorf (IATA: DUS), Berlin-Tegel (IATA: TXL), Cologne (IATA: CGN), Hamburg (IATA: HAM), and Stuttgart (IATA: HAM) are all important airports (IATA: STR). At least some overseas flights are served by all of these.
Lufthansa, Germany’s largest airline and a member of the Star Alliance, and Air Berlin, Germany’s second largest airline and a member of the Oneworld airline alliance, are two major airlines that connect other countries to Germany.
2. By Bus
Depending on one’s destination within Germany, different firms offer different tickets and pricing. ‘Touring,’ a German partner of Eurolines, a well-known European bus company collaboration, sells tickets to and from practically any other European country and can be used to purchase tickets to Germany.
3. By Rail
Germany has a vast and reliable railway network that connects it to all of its countries. Deutsche Bahn operates the majority of the trains on this network (DB). Switzerland, Poland, Denmark, the Czech Republic, and Austria, as well as other less-than-immediate neighbors like Italy, are among the countries that fall along these routes.
The “EuroCity” (EC) trains connect these destinations as well. Other European high-speed trains that travel through and out of Germany are: The Intercity Express (ICE) connects Frankfurt, Cologne, and Düsseldorf with Amsterdam. The ICE is so quick that it will only take four hours to travel from Frankfurt to Paris. The Thalys is another option, which takes about 4 hours to get from Cologne (K ln) to Paris.
4. By Water
To access Scandinavia, international ferry services are available from Germany. The most popular routes include those connecting Lôbeck and Sassnitz to Russia’s Kaliningrad and Saint Petersburg, as well as Rnne (Denmark), Riga (Latvia), and Trelleborg (Sweden).
Kiel and Helsinki (Finland) connect Gothenburg (Sweden), Klaipeda (Lithuania), and Oslo (Norway), whereas Rostock in Germany connects Trelleborg (Sweden), Liepaja (Latvia), and Gedser (Denmark).
Best Time To Visit Germany?
Are you considering a trip to Germany? Here’s a look at the weather in Germany and when the best time to visit is.
Germany is mostly a landlocked country in western Europe, but it is also graced with the refreshing breezes of the North Sea to the north. As a result, the country’s climate is a blend of two primary climatic conditions: continental (in the south) and maritime (in the north) (in the north).
Germany’s forests were once deep and lush, but many were cut down for agriculture, while the coniferous alpine Bavarian Forest and Black Forest still have some spectacular flora and species. As a result, Germany has a pleasant climate. Even in the midst of growing urbanization, there is still room for breathing and clean air.
1. Spring (March to May)
In comparison to the rest of Europe, spring arrives late in Germany. March is still chilly and blustery, but the conclusion of the month breathes new life into the land. The true spring season comes in April, when the trees begin to bloom. May is in full bloom, and the weather has never been better.
As a result, if you want to visit Germany while avoiding the crowds, April-May is the best time to go. The Automobile Festival, the International Festival in Wiesbaden, and other business and trade fairs take the country by storm throughout the spring season. In the spring, average highs reach 19°C.
2. Summer (June to September)
In Germany, as in the rest of Europe, the summer is the busiest tourism season. The air temperature in the north of Germany is slightly lower than in the south, with highs of 20°C. By July, the rest of Germany will see average temperatures of 23°C.
At this time, you can enjoy treks, hikes, the outdoors, and the sea, as well as the many music festivals that visit Germany, such as the Mozart Music Festival and the Nuremberg Music Festival. July is the best month for tourists because the temperatures might reach 30 degrees. Unfortunately, it is really packed and noisy at this time.
3. Autumn (October to November)
Autumn is a shoulder season, which means it’s a nice time to visit if you want to avoid the crowds. October is the time of drying leaves, when everything green turns to gold overnight. The average daytime temperature is 17-18°C, dropping to 10°C at night. Autumn is also the country’s rainiest season, so even when the leaves are drying, it continues to rain.
The historic Oktoberfest in Munich, which begins in late September and runs until the beginning of November, is one of the best reasons to visit Germany in October. Beer runs like water at this time of year, and every cafe, bar, and pub is brimming with it.
4. Winter (December to February)
Due to its proximity to the sea, the majority of northern Germany experiences a windy green winter. The south, on the other hand, experiences subzero temperatures that sometimes reach -20°C.
The season should be avoided at all costs because the majority of your tourism opportunities will be too difficult to enjoy. Only Christmas is a saving grace, and carnivals keep the country’s spirit alive in December. Carnivals are also held in Germany in February, beginning on the first Thursday. Cologne is the epicenter of these festivities.
Germany’s Best Tourist Attractions
The essence of vacationing in Germany is possibly best described by history, culture, and natural beauty. Visitors are spoiled for choice when it comes to choosing a unique area to visit, with its many historic cities and small villages, as well as a wealth of forests and mountains. The urban districts of Munich, Frankfurt, and Hamburg are ideal for sight-seeing and cultural experiences.
Consider visiting the Bavarian Alps, the Black Forest, or the Rhine Valley if you’re seeking for some recreational activities. There are lovely old cathedrals and stately palaces everywhere, and many centuries-old traditions, such as traditional Christmas markets, festivals, and fairs, persist to this day in the smaller towns and villages – some with their original medieval Old Towns still intact.
Berlin, Germany’s capital and home to many renowned museums and galleries, is the cultural heart of the country, while nature lovers will find a world of possibilities in Germany’s magnificent outdoors. Read our list of the greatest tourist attractions in Germany for inspiration as you plan your trip.
1. The Brandenburg Gate in Berlin
The magnificent sandstone Brandenburg Gate in Berlin’s Mitte neighborhood was the city’s first Neoclassical edifice, modeled after the Acropolis in Athens and built for King Frederick William II in 1791. It stands at a towering 26 meters tall, incorporating the Quadriga, a magnificent four-horse chariot with the goddess of victory perched above.
Its six massive columns on either side of the structure provide five spectacular passages: four for general traffic, and one for royal carriages in the center. The two buildings on either side of the Gate, which were previously used by toll collectors and guards, are likewise adorned with massive Doric columns.
Undoubtedly Berlin’s most recognizable structure, it’s hard to realize that the magnificent edifice you see now was seriously damaged during WWII and was once part of the notorious Berlin Wall, which served as a symbol of Berlin’s divide into East and West for a few decades.
2. The Kölner Dom (Kölner Dom) is a cathedral in Cologne, Germany.
On the banks of the Rhine, the towering Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom) – the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Mary – is perhaps Cologne’s most stunning sight. This marvel of High Gothic architecture, one of Europe’s greatest cathedrals, was begun in 1248 and was the Middle Ages’ most ambitious construction endeavor.
Its spectacular interior, which spans 6,166 square meters and features 56 massive pillars, is as imposing as its exterior. The Reliquary of the Three Kings, a 12th-century gold work of art built by Nicholas of Verdun to house the relics of the Three Kings brought here from Milan, is located above the high altar.
The panoramic views from the South Towers, the stained glass from the 12th and 13th centuries in the Three Kings Chapel, and the Treasury with its many valuable goods, all of which escaped WWII largely intact, are among the other highlights. Climb the 533 steps to the viewing platform in the South Tower for some of the best views of the city and river. (There is a nominal entrance fee.)
3. The Black Forest
The stunning Black Forest, with its dark, heavily forested hills, is one of Europe’s most popular upland locations. It’s a hiker’s paradise, stretching 160 kilometers from Pforzheim in the north to Waldshut on the High Rhine in the south in Germany’s southwestern region.
It drops steeply to the Rhine, passing through lush valleys on the west side, and more gradually to the upper Neckar and Danube basins on the east. Todtnau, Germany’s oldest ski resort, the wonderful spa facilities of Baden-Baden, and the beautiful resort of Bad Liebenzell are also popular destinations.
The beautiful Black Forest Railway, centered on Triberg with its famous falls, and Triberg itself, home to the Black Forest Open Air Museum, are two more highlights. What’s the best way to catch all of them? Obtain a map of the Black Forest Panoramic Route, a 70-kilometer driving trip that encompasses the region’s best views as well as its key historic features, such as majestic castles and numerous medieval towns and villages.
4. Neuschwanstein Castle
Füssen, a lovely old town situated between the Ammergau and Allgäu Alps and a popular alpine resort and winter sports hub, is a wonderful base for exploring nearby Neuschwanstein Castle, one of Europe’s most famous (and picturesque) royal castles.
From 1869 until 1886, King Ludwig II of Bavaria built this many-towered and battlement-covered fantasy fortress, which served as inspiration for Walt Disney’s iconic theme park castles. There are several tour choices available, including guided tours of the opulent interior, which include the Throne Room, the Singers’ Hall… and some of the country’s most breathtaking views.
5. Hamburg’s Historic Port and Miniatur Wunderland
The spectacular Miniatur Wunderland, the world’s largest model train, is an attraction that appeals to both young and old. It is located in the heart of Hamburg’s historic port. This large scale model has more than 12,000 meters of track and includes portions dedicated to the United States, England, and Scandinavia (as well as Hamburg), as well as 890 trains, more than 300,000 lights, and more than 200,000 human figures.
Guests are not uncommon to spend several hours exploring this fascinating environment, which includes incredibly accurate miniature airports (with planes that actually take off), congested cities, charming rural vistas, and bustling harbors. Book one of the behind-the-scenes tours for a unique experience, which is especially enjoyable at night.
While you’re in Hamburg, make sure to check out the enormous Port of Hamburg. This massive tidal harbor — one of the world’s largest cruise ship terminals and renowned as the Gateway to Germany – is best explored by boat, covering 100 square kilometers. After that, visit a stroll down the harborside promenade, which is a magnificent pedestrian route, and the Warehouse District, which is lined with large brick warehouses.
6. The Rhine Valley
Not only is the Rhine Europe’s most significant waterway, but it’s also one of its most beautiful. This majestic river extends 1,320 kilometers from Switzerland to the Netherlands, passing through Germany and Germany.
While there are numerous places in Germany where visitors can enjoy this magnificent river, the Upper Middle Rhine Valley region, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is probably the most popular. More than 40 castles and 60 magnificent medieval towns dot this frequently spectacular 65-kilometer stretch of river, all waiting to be explored by river cruise or car.
If you’re looking for a terrific place to start your Rhine Valley experience, look no further. The old town of Bingen is a good spot to start, as the river flows through a deep gorge before entering the Bacharach valley.
7. Museum Island in Berlin
Between the River Spree and the Kupfergraben, a 400-meter-long canal off the river, lies Berlin’s world-famous Museumsinsel, or Museum Island. Many of the city’s oldest and most famous museums are included in this fantastic attraction.
The Old Museum, built in 1830 to house the royal treasures, is at the heart of this pedestrian-friendly zone. The land behind the museum was soon set aside for art and “antiquity knowledge.”
The New Museum was built between 1843 and 1855, and the National Gallery was added in 1876, along with the Bode Museum, which was built in 1904 and houses ancient collections.
The Pergamon, with its reproduced antique Middle Eastern architecture, is another highlight of a walking tour of these remarkable areas of interest. But be warned: there’s so much to see in these incredible museums that you won’t be able to see all in one day.
8. The Marienplatz in Munich
Munich (or München in German) is Germany’s third largest city and has a lot to offer adventurous travelers. The state capital of Bavaria can be traced back to the 12th century, when a monastery was founded here, and it swiftly expanded into the region’s most important trading and commerce center.
Marienplatz, a vast plaza where tradesmen from all over Bavaria would assemble to conduct business and townspeople would congregate to shop and witness medieval jousting events, was at the heart of this boom. People flock to this enormous area for a variety of reasons these days: they come for sightseeing, a visit to one of the city’s contemporary cafés and restaurants, or to shop in its unique boutique boutiques.
There are several interest tourists to choose from. The Neues Rathaus and Altes Rathaus, respectively, are the “new” and “old” town halls where much of the city’s history was written. Both are very appealing and well worth a visit. Other notable sights are the Mariensäule, a 1638 monument to the Virgin Mary, and the exquisite Fischbrunnen, a 19th-century fountain with bronze sculptures.
Why not visit in the winter for a truly unforgettable experience? If you do, you’ll get the opportunity to watch the Marienplatz come alive with a breathtaking display of lights and ornaments during the annual Christmas Market.
Other winter events, such as the month-long Fasching carnival, are held here as well. Locals and guests alike participate in exciting dances and festivities that have been held here for centuries from January to February.
You can visit yourself in Marienplatz at any time of the year. From March to October, you can see the famed glockenspiel of the Neues Rathaus perform its merry dance, with its mechanical figures exciting onlookers three times daily in a performance that has been going on since 1908.