Contact the leading travel agents for incredible bargains and offers on Jordan Tours for a fantastic family trip or holiday to the Middle East’s historical heritage. Before going on a trip, you can do some study on the area by visiting Jordan Tourism Guide online to organize your trip and places to visit.
Before going for the trip with friends and family, planning ahead of time may be quite pleasant and hassle-free, and there’s no doubt that noting some crucial helpline numbers for any emergency can assist. Jordan tourism packages can also be found for a good price on the internet.
Modern-day Humans have lived in Jordan since the Paleolithic epoch. At the conclusion of the Bronze Age, three stable kingdoms emerged: Ammon, Moab, and Edom. The Nabataean Kingdom, the Persian Empire, the Roman Empire, the Rashidun, Umayyad, and Abbasid Caliphates, and the Ottoman Empire were among the later rulers.
The Ottoman Empire was partitioned by Britain and France after the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottomans in 1916 during World War I. The Hashemite, then Emir, Abdullah I established the Emirate of Transjordan in 1921, and the emirate became a British protectorate.
Jordan gained country in 1946 as the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan, but was renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in 1949 after capturing the West Bank during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and annexed it until 1967, when it was lost to Israel. Jordan gave up its claim to the land in 1988, and in 1994, it became the second Arab country to sign a peace deal with Israel.
Jordan was one of the founding members of the Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. Although the sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy, the king wields extensive executive and legislative authority.
Jordan is a semi-arid country with a population of ten million people and an area of 89,342 km2 (34,495 sq mi), making it the eighth most populous Arab country. The majority of the country’s population, roughly 95 percent, is Sunni Muslim, with a local Christian minority. Jordan has been considered to as a “oasis of stability” in the Middle East’s volatile region. It has mostly escaped the unrest that erupted in the region of the Arab Spring in 2010.
Jordan has been accepting refugees from a variety of conflict-torn neighboring countries since 1948. According to a 2015 census, Jordan has 2.1 million Palestinian refugees and 1.4 million Syrian refugees.
Thousands of Iraqi Christians escaping ISIL persecution have sought safety in the kingdom. While Jordan continues to admit migrants, the recent large influx from Syria has put a strain on the country’s infrastructure and resources.
Jordan has an upper middle-income economy and ranks 102nd in the Human Development Index. Jordan’s economy, despite being one of the smallest in the region, is attractive to foreign investors due to its competent workforce. Due to its well-developed health sector, the country is a popular tourist destination that also attracts medical tourism. Despite this, economic progress has been impeded by a scarcity of natural resources, a massive influx of refugees, and regional unrest.
Jordan has the oldest known evidence of human settlement, dating back at least 200,000 years. Jordan is rich in Paleolithic (up to 20,000 years old) remains because to its location in the Levant, when hominid expansions from Africa converged. Distinct hominids were attracted to different shoreline habitats in the past, and several tool remains have been found from this time period.
A 14,500-year-old Natufian site in Jordan’s northeastern desert has found the world’s oldest known evidence of bread-making. During the Neolithic period (10,000–4,500 BC), people transitioned from hunter-gatherer culture to creating populous agricultural villages. One such hamlet, ‘Ain Ghazal, is one of the largest known prehistoric settlements in the Near East, located east of modern-day Amman.
There have been found dozens of plaster statues of the human form going back to 7250 BC or earlier; they are “among the earliest large-scale representations of the human form” ever discovered. Apart from the conventional Chalcolithic (4500–3600 BC) villages such as Tulaylet Ghassul in the Jordan Valley, archaeologists have been mystified by a series of circular stone enclosures in the eastern basalt desert, the function of which is unknown.
Early in the Bronze Age (3600–1200 BC), fortified cities and urban centers appeared in the southern Levant.
 Wadi Feynan became a regional center for copper extraction, with the metal being used to make bronze on a large scale. In the Middle East, trade and migration peaked, spreading and refining civilizations. In places with good water resources and agricultural land, villages in Transjordan grew quickly. Egypt’s expansion into the Levant resulted in control of both banks of the Jordan River.
Transjordan was home to the Kingdoms of Ammon, Edom, and Moab during the Iron Age (1200–332 BC), following the Egyptians’ withdrawal. These countries’ people spoke Canaanite Semitic languages, and their polities are considered tribal kingdoms rather than states.
Ammon lived on the Amman plateau, Moab lived in the hills east of the Dead Sea, and Edom lived in the Wadi Araba area in the south. The Israelites settled in the Transjordan’s northern region, which was then known as Gilead. The neighboring Transjordanian kingdoms of Ammon, Edom, and Moab, centered west of the Jordan River, were always at odds with the surrounding Hebrew kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
The Mesha Stele, erected by the Moabite king Mesha in 840 BC, is one example of this; on it, he praises himself for the construction projects he undertook in Moab and celebrates his glory and victory against the Israelites. The stele represents one of the most important archeological parallels to biblical accounts. Simultaneously, Israel and the Kingdom of Aram-Damascus fought for control over Gilead.
The Neo-Assyrian Empire invaded Israel and Aram Damascus between 740 and 720 BC. The kingdoms of Ammon, Edom, and Moab were conquered, although they were allowed to retain considerable autonomy. After the Assyrian empire fell apart in 627 BC, the Babylonians took over.
Despite supporting the Babylonians against Judah in the destruction of Jerusalem in 597 BC, the kingdoms rebelled against Babylon a decade later. The kingdoms were reduced to vassals, which they kept under the Persian and Hellenic Empires.
The kingdoms of Ammon, Edom, and Moab had lost their separate identities by the time Roman authority began in 63 BC, and had been incorporated into Roman culture. Some Edomites lasted longer, having fled to southern Judea, which became known as Idumaea, after being pushed out by the Nabataeans; they were later converted to Judaism by the Hasmoneans.
Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa, and Europe, in the Fertile Crescent’s Levant area, a cradle of civilisation. It has an area of 89,341 square kilometers (34,495 square miles), with a length of 400 kilometers (250 miles) between its northern and southernmost parts, Umm Qais and Aqaba, respectively.
The kingdom is located between 29° and 34° north latitude and 34° and 40° east latitude. It is bordered on the south and east by Saudi Arabia, on the north-east by Iraq, on the north by Syria, and on the west by Israel and Palestine (West Bank).
The east is a dry plateau with oases and seasonal water streams for irrigation. Because of its lush soils and copious rainfall, the kingdom’s major cities are overwhelmingly concentrated in the north-western part.
In the northwest, there are Irbid, Jerash, and Zarqa; in the central west, there are Amman and Al-Salt; and in the southwest, there are Madaba, Al-Karak, and Aqaba. The oasis towns of Azraq and Ruwaished are major towns in the country’s eastern part.
A mountainous area of fertile land and Mediterranean evergreen woodland abruptly lowers into the Jordan Rift Valley from the west. The Jordan River and the Dead Sea are located in the rift valley, which separates Jordan and Israel. Jordan has a 26-kilometer (16-mile) coastline on the Red Sea’s Gulf of Aqaba, but is otherwise landlocked.
The Yarmouk River, a tributary of the Jordan on the east bank, forms part of the northern north between Jordan and Syria (including the occupied Golan Heights). Other boundaries are set by a variety of international and local agreements and do not correspond to well-defined natural features.
The highest point is Jabal Umm al Dami, at 1,854 meters (6,083 feet) above sea level, while the lowest point is the Dead Sea, at 420 meters (1,378 feet). Jordan’s different landscapes and environments have resulted in a vast diversity of habitats, ecosystems, and biota.
Jordan’s natural resources were protected and managed by the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature, which was founded in 1966. The Dana Biosphere Reserve, the Azraq Wetland Reserve, the Shaumari Wildlife Reserve, and the Mujib Nature Reserve are all nature reserves in Jordan.
Jordan has a wide range of climates. The more inland from the Mediterranean, the larger the temperature extremes and the less rainfall. The average elevation in the country is 812 meters (2,664 feet) (SL).
The Mediterranean climate prevails in the highlands above the Jordan Valley, the Dead Sea mountains, Wadi Araba, and as far south as Ras Al-Naqab, whereas the eastern and northeastern parts of the country are arid desert. Although the desert regions of the kingdom experience hot weather, the heat is normally alleviated by low humidity and a daily wind, with chilly nights.
Summers are hot and dry, lasting from May to September, with temperatures averaging 32 °C (90 °F) and occasionally topping 40 °C (104 °F) in July and August. The winter, which lasts from November to March, is mild, with temperatures average approximately 13 degrees Celsius (55 degrees Fahrenheit).
In some western high locations, winter brings regular rains and snowfall. Jordan is home to more than 2,000 plant species. Many flowering plants bloom in the spring after the winter rains, and the type of vegetation is heavily influenced by precipitation levels.
Forests cover the mountainous parts in the northwest, while the vegetation grows increasingly scrubby and changes to steppe-like vegetation further south and east. Forests cover 1.5 million dunums (1,500 km2), or less than 2% of Jordan’s land area, making it one of the world’s least wooded countries, with a global average of 15%.
The Aleppo pine, Sarcopoterium, Salvia dominica, black iris, Tamarix, Anabasis, Artemisia, Acacia, Mediterranean cypress, and Phoenecian juniper are among the plant species and genera. Natural forests of pine, deciduous oak, evergreen oak, pistachio, and wild olive cover the hilly regions of the northwest.
The long-eared hedgehog, Nubian ibex, wild boar, fallow deer, Arabian wolf, desert monitor, honey badger, glass snake, caracal, golden jackal, and roe deer are among the mammals and reptiles found in the area.
The hooded crow, Eurasian jay, lappet-faced vulture, barbary falcon, hoopoe, pharaoh eagle-owl, common cuckoo, Tristram’s starling, Palestine sunbird, Sinai rosefinch, lesser kestrel, house crow, and white-spectacled bulbul are some of the birds found in the area.
Syrian xeric grasslands and shrublands, Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests, Mesopotamian shrub desert, and Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert border Jordan’s boundaries. The kingdom has maintained close relations with the United States and the United Kingdom while adhering to a pro-Western foreign policy.
Jordan’s neutrality and continuation of relations with Iraq during the first Gulf War (1990) harmed these relations. Jordan’s relations with Western countries were later restored as a result of its role in the implementation of UN sanctions against Iraq and the Southwest Asia peace process. Jordan’s relations with the Persian Gulf countries improved dramatically after King Hussein’s death in 1999.
Jordan is a vital ally of the United States and the United Kingdom, and is one of only three Arab countries to have signed peace treaties with Israel, Jordan’s direct neighbor, alongside Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Jordan sees an independent Palestinian state with 1967 boundaries as a critical part of the two-state solution and a matter of paramount national importance.
Since 1924, the governing Hashemite family has had custody of Jerusalem’s holy sites, a status reinforced by the Israel–Jordan peace deal. Tensions between Jordan and Israel over the former’s responsibility in protecting the Muslim and Christian sites in Jerusalem arose as a result of the unrest in Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa mosque between Israelis and Palestinians.
Jordan is a founding member of the Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. It has “advanced status” with the EU and is a part in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), which attempts to strengthen ties between the EU and its neighbors. In 2011, Jordan and Morocco attempted to join the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), but the Gulf countries instead offered a five-year development funding scheme.
The tourism industry is a major source of jobs, hard currency, and economic growth, and it is considered as a cornerstone of the economy. Jordan received 8 million visitors in 2010.
The majority of visitors to Jordan are from Europe and the Arab world. Jordan’s tourism industry has been seriously harmed by regional turmoil. The Arab Spring dealt the greatest recent hit to the tourism industry. Between 2010 and 2016, the number of tourists visiting Jordan dropped by 70%. In 2017, the number of visitors began to rise again.
Jordan has over 100,000 archaeological and tourism sites, according to the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities. Petra and Jerash are two well-preserved historical cities, with the former serving as Jordan’s most prominent tourist attraction and a symbol of the kingdom.
Jordan is a part of the Holy Land and features a number of biblical sites that draw pilgrims. Al-Maghtas, a reputed location for Jesus’ baptism, Mount Nebo, Umm ar-Rasas, Madaba, and Machaerus are also biblical places. Shrine of the prophet Muhammad’s associates, such as ‘Abd Allah ibn Rawahah, Zayd ibn Harithah, and Muadh ibn Jabal, can be found on Islamic places. Ajlun Castle, erected by Muslim Ayyubid king Saladin during his Crusader wars in the 12th century AD, is also a renowned tourist destination.
Tourists are drawn to modern entertainment, recreation, and souqs in metropolitan areas, particularly in Amman. The nightlife of Amman, Aqaba, and Irbid has recently begun to develop, with an increase in the number of bars, discos, and nightclubs. In tourist restaurants, liquor stores, and even certain supermarkets, alcohol is commonly available.
Adventurers are drawn to valleys such as Wadi Mujib and trekking paths in various sections of the country. Hiking is becoming increasingly popular among tourists and residents. Hiking pathways are well-marked in places like the Dana Biosphere Reserve and Petra. Moreover, major international resorts are located on the shores of Aqaba and the Dead Sea, providing coastal relaxation.
Since the 1970s, Jordan has been a popular medical tourism destination in the Middle East. According to the Jordanian Private Hospitals Association, 250,000 patients from 102 countries found treatment in Jordan in 2010, up from 190,000 in 2007, bringing in over $1 billion in income.
Jordan is the region’s top medical tourism destination, and the world’s fifth overall, according to the World Bank. Because of the ongoing civil wars in Yemen, Libya, and Syria, the majority of patients come from those countries. Years of receiving such cases from various crisis zones in the region have given Jordanian doctors and medical staff experience in dealing with war patients. Jordan is also a hotspot for natural healing, with the Ma’in Hot Springs and the Dead Sea.
The Dead Sea is frequently referred to as a “natural spa.” It has ten times the salt content of the average ocean, making it impossible to sink. The high salt concentration of the Dead Sea has been proven therapeutic for many skin diseases. The uniqueness of this lake attracts several Jordanian and foreign vacationers, which boosted investments in the hotel sector in the area.
In 2015, the Jordan Trail, a 650-kilometer (400-mile) hiking trail that runs the length of Jordan from north to south and passes through several of the country’s attractions, was established. The path attempts to restore Jordan’s tourism industry.
How To Reach Jordan
1. By Road
Jordan is well connected to a number of countries, including Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza. Service cars and taxis can take you there.
2. By Rail
From Damascus (Syria) to Amman, take the Hejaz railway line.
3. By Plane
The Queen Alia International Airport serves important cities throughout Europe, the Middle East, North America, North Africa, and the Far East.
Best Time To Visit Jordan
Jordan is an explorer’s dream come true. The country is brimming with historical riches in a remarkable state of preservation, from Roman ruins in Jerash to the ancient city of Petra. Even Amman, the capital, has amazing archeological finds dating back to at least the Bronze Age, if not earlier.
Jordan’s natural landscape is equally fascinating and impressive. The Valley of the Moon, commonly known as Wadi Rum, enchants tourists with its crimson sand dunes and wind-sculpted rocks. The Dead Sea, a fabled lake famed for its severe salinity and epic beauty, is located in the country’s northwest corner.
Wadi Mujib, considered as Jordan’s “Grand Canyon,” is nearby and provides once-in-a-lifetime hiking through flowing gorges. No matter when you visit, your trip to this Middle Eastern hotspot will be unforgettable. However, some times are more favorable for travelers than others. Here’s all you need to know about Jordan’s best time to visit.
April is the best month to visit Jordan, with May, September, and October following closely behind. The springtime sightseeing weather peaks in April, allowing tourists to spend limitless hours outside seeing Roman ruins without becoming overheated.
Tourists have a plethora of options when it comes to the finest things to do in Jordan in April. This is Petra’s best month of the year. The weather couldn’t be more ideal for wandering the well-preserved Nabatean city.
It’s a perfect month to hit the Red Sea’s sandy beaches or float in the Dead Sea’s salty, therapeutic waters. Every year on April 1, the three wet paths of Wadi Mujib open for the season, allowing tourists to wade through chest-deep waters of a stunning valley.
However, like with any destination’s peak visitor season, there are a few drawbacks to visiting Jordan in April that tourists should consider against the positives of the weather.
April is the busiest month for visitors visiting Petra. Every year, between 60,000 and 100,000 tourists visit Petra, which is double or triple the number of visitors in other months of the year. As a result of the influx, hotel prices have risen dramatically, potentially placing lodgings out of reach for budget travelers.
In addition, expect large crowds around all of Petra’s principal attractions in April. Even if you arrive early in the morning, navigating the Siq’s small walkways might feel claustrophobic, and photographing the Treasury without crowds can be difficult. If you want to see Petra By Night, when the Treasury and the Siq are illuminated by 1,500 candles, make sure to buy your tickets well in advance during the month of April. Otherwise, you risk being disappointed by a sold-out performance.
The Muslim holy month of Ramadan is another factor to consider when arranging your trip to Jordan. Ramadan will take place in April between 2020 and 2024, despite the fact that it occurs at a different time every year.
During the Christmas season, many attractions, restaurants, cafés, and stores lower their hours to allow employees to fast and relax. Prepare ahead of plan to avoid travel snafus and missing out on Jordan’s best things. Consider traveling Jordan outside of the holy month of Ramadan.
While April is considered to be the finest month to visit Jordan, May and September-October are also excellent dates to visit, especially if you want to avoid the crowds. May’s weather is virtually as pleasant as April’s, albeit slightly hotter and drier.
Temperatures in much of Jordan are expected to be in the high 20s in September and October, with low 30s possible throughout the day. In places like Amman, Wadi Rum, and Petra, nighttime lows are in the teens.
Aqaba, on the other hand, remains hot well into fall. In September and October, highs average roughly 37 degrees Celsius, while lows average 25 degrees Celsius and 21 degrees Celsius, respectively. When traveling Jordan in September or October, depending on your tolerance for heat, you may choose to forego the Red Sea area and instead focus on other natural attractions such as the Ajloun Forest Reserve or the Royal Botanic Garden of Jordan.
Best Jordanian Tourist Attractions
Jordan is a traveler’s dream destination for their first trip to the Middle East. The destination is safe and pleasant, bringing travelers up close to world wonders and immersing them in world-class hospitality. Once you’ve immersed yourself in the culture of this laid-back country, you’ll feel completely at home.
Jordan has a plethora of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In the 1,300-year-old desert castle of Quseir Amra, marvel at fading frescos. In Wadi Rum’s humbling desert setting, climb red sand dunes and stand in the shadows of worn rock. Also, set aside at least two days to visit Petra, Jordan’s crown jewel attraction. The ancient Nabatean city’s jaw-dropping wonders will leave you speechless – and hungry to see more.
Jordan, on the other hand, isn’t entirely a product of the past. Amman, the country’s hilltop capital, is crowded with restaurants and cafés, upscale shopping, and impressive art galleries.
Then there’s the Dead Sea, where you can relax after a day of sightseeing and indulge in some well-deserved pampering at one of the many luxurious beachfront resorts. With our list of the top tourist attractions in Jordan, you can plan your trip to the Middle East and see the best places to visit.
Be prepared to be awestruck by Petra. Since the long-lost city’s rediscovery by Swiss explorer Jean Louis Burckhardt more than 200 years ago, this attraction has stunned modern-day visitors as one of the New7Wonders of the World.
To see all of Petra’s highlights, which comprise over 800 registered sites, you’ll need at least two days. If you have more time, though, you will not be disappointed if you spend it here. Wandering through an old city in such a well-preserved form is a once-in-a-lifetime experience.
Petra does not spare any time in dazzling tourists. The enigmatic Djinn Blocks, massive stone monuments whose original purpose is unclear, are immediately after the entryway, followed by the Obelisk Tomb. It’s just a taste of the amazing sights to come.
You’ll then make through the Siq, a famous twisting canyon trail bordered by high cliffs. Look around the walls for remnants of medieval water channels, as well as niches for religious carvings known as baetyls. These artifacts suggest that Petra may have once been regarded as a holy city. Also keep a look out for the faded relief sculpture of two merchants leading camels.
Finally, you’ll reach to the Treasury, which is apparent (also known as Al-Khazneh). The Hellenistic facade of this attraction is featured in practically every travel guide book and social media post about Petra, and it is one of Jordan’s most beautiful places to visit. According to legend, during Moses’ time, the rock-hewn monument, which was built as the final resting place for Nabatean King Aretas IV, was used to hide an Egyptian pharaoh’s treasure.
It’s a choose-your-own-adventure when it comes to things to do in Petra after the Siq and the Treasury. On the Street of Facades, see dozens of tombs and houses, ascend steep stairs for a spectacular view at the High Place of Sacrifice, be amazed at the Theater, and wander through the impressive Colonnaded Street.
Make your walk up the 850 rock-cut steps to the renowned Monastery if your feet aren’t too sore yet. The drive is definitely worth it for the impressive edifice buried away in the hills.
Wait until you visit Petra after dark if you thought it was spectacular during the day. To witness the Siq and the Treasury lit by over 1,500 flickering candles, purchase tickets to the Petra Night Show.
2. The Dead Sea.
In Jordan, floating in the Dead Sea is a must-do activity. This body of water, located at 418 meters below sea level, is the lowest spot on Earth accessible by road.
It almost glows a bright shade of turquoise, making for a particularly dramatic image when viewed against the backdrop of salt-encrusted rock ledges and bleak red rocks. It takes around an hour to reach from Amman to the Dead Sea region’s attractions.
The mineral-rich water of the Dead Sea is well-known. Water, according to wellness devotees, has skin-healing powers. However, don’t plan to swim laps in the Dead Sea; the water is so dense and sharp that all you can do is float on top of it.
The Dead Sea is accessible from a number of locations, including Amman Beach. Spend a night at one of the opulent spa resorts on the Dead Sea’s northeast coast. They usually have their own private wading areas with buckets of Dead Sea mud. Your skin will be softer than ever after a bath with this red-brown sludge.
3. Wadi Rum
If you travel to Jordan’s southern area, you’ll be treated to one of the world’s most beautiful landscapes: Wadi Rum. This sandstone and granite rock valley, also known as the Valley of the Moon, is an unearthly experience, with towering cliffs, enormous dunes, swirling archways, and tunnels. It was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2011 after serving as the backdrop for much of the 1962 film Lawrence of Arabia.
Eat your heart out, adventurers: The Wadi Rum has been developed into an ecotourism playground by the Zalabia Bedouin, a tribal group who dwell in the area. Ride camels or feisty Arabian horses through the area, put on a harness and go rock climbing up the sandstone mountains, hike through canyons, and take ATV tours to kick up sand.
Inquire with your tour guide about visiting the Khazali Canyon, where you may witness petroglyphs of humans and antelopes dating back to the 8th century BC.
Spend the night in Wadi Rum at one of the finest “glamping” (glamorous camping) sites. The park offers great astronomy chances due to its near-zero light pollution. It’s no surprise that visiting Wadi Rum is one of Jordan’s most popular things.
4. The Ruins of Jerash
Visiting the ruins of Jerash is the closest thing to traveling back in time you can get. It’s one of the best-preserved ancient Roman cities in the world, with breathtaking sights ranging from colonnaded streets and temples to a vast sports arena that once held 15,000 people.
Tourists begin their sightseeing tour of the ruins of Jerash by passing across Hadrian’s Arch. The nearly 11-meter-tall building is impressive, but it’s even more so when you think it was once double its current height.
If that wasn’t impressive enough, just wait until you see what’s next. The Hippodrome, a sports field built around the second century, used to stage chariot races for thousands of spectators. Daily re-enactments with warring gladiators and chariots racing laps bring the ancient sport back to life.
The Forum is another landmark of the Jerash ruins. The oval plaza is surrounded by still-standing columns, giving it a regal feel. To acquire a better view of the colonnaded site, climb the steps of the nearby Temple of Zeus. Consider the productions that took place on the South Theater’s beautiful stage. Jerash appears to offer an interesting ruin for everyone – go exploring to choose your favorite.
Think you can’t have a beach holiday in the Middle East because it’s so hot and dry? Reconsider your position. Aqaba, a seaside resort on Jordan’s southern edge, offers tourists vacations along the Red Sea’s magnificent shoreline.
You can float, swim, snorkel, or dive right from Aqaba. You can also take a daily cruise on the turquoise water, which is offered by local hotels. A soak in one of the gorgeous hammams around the resort town will enhance your beach trip in Jordan.
When you’re hungry, dig sayadieh, a meal of fish on tasty rice with onion, tomato, and chili pepper, which is a local delicacy of Aqaba.
6. Amman’s Roman Ruins
You don’t have to travel all the way to Petra to view Jordan’s amazing archeological monuments. In reality, Amman, the capital (where you’ll most likely arrive from abroad), is home to a number of fascinating ruins, many of which are within walking distance of one another.
The Amman Citadel is one of the most well-known ruins in the city. Archaeologists have discovered artifacts that imply the Citadel has been populated since the Bronze Age.
The few remaining columns of the spectacular Temple of Hercules, a significant Roman construction that was never completed, can be seen here. Look for a stone sculpture of several fingers that were formerly part of a Hercules statue that stood up to 12 meters tall. It alludes to how magnificent this attraction was at its peak.
The Roman Theater is one of Amman’s most popular tourist attractions for history aficionados. The reconstructed amphitheater, which seats 6,000 people, dates from approximately 2,000 years ago, when Amman was a Roman-ruled city known as Philadelphia. The attraction is still bustling with life, presenting a variety of events and inviting both residents and tourists.
Tourists can also visit the nearby Nymphaeum, a Roman fountain built about the same time as the theater, as well as the Odeon, a smaller 500-seat theater.
After you’ve had your fill of the ruins, take a tour of modern-day Amman’s lively culture on Rainbow Street. The renowned promenade is lined with cozy cafés, great people-watching spots, and a plethora of souvenir shops.
7. Madaba’s Ancient Mosaics
While sightseeing in many places requires you to look up, the old trading city of Madaba requires you to gaze down. The city is home to the “world’s biggest number of mosaics uncovered in its original position,” with many of them found on the flooring of churches and structures.
The Madaba Mosaic Map is housed in the very inconspicuous St. George’s Church, which is home to one of Jordan’s most notable mosaics.
The Holy Land is depicted during the Byzantine period on this 6th-century map, which features Biblical-era cartography. While some of the original two million tiles have been lost, the map’s remnants provide an outstanding representation of what the Middle East looked like centuries ago.
At Madaba’s two archeological parks, visitors can witness more mosaics. The open-air museum at Archaeological Park I houses a beautiful geometric mosaic from the Church of the Virgin Mary, a 6th-century site discovered in a basement in 1887.
This attraction also houses Jordan’s earliest mosaic, which originates from the 1st century BC, as well as stunning carpet-like tile work depicting the four seasons and nature that was previously in a Byzantine villa. Other impressive mosaics can be seen at Archaeological Park II, which is housed in the ruins of a luxury home from the early sixth century.
8. Wadi Mujib
Wadi Mujib is Jordan’s answer to America’s Grand Canyon, stretching 70 kilometers from the Desert Highway to the Dead Sea. The four-kilometer-wide and one-kilometer-deep river canyon provides nature enthusiasts with the opportunity to witness a variety of animals, including Egyptian vultures, Nubian ibex, striped hyena, and Syrian wolf.
If you don’t mind getting a little wet, hiking through the Wadi Mujib gorge is a terrific option. You can also visit the Mujib Reserve Biosphere, which is only an hour and a half from Amman, to soak in beautiful hot springs.