Andaman and Nicobar may be a Union territory in India. The Andaman and Nicobar islands are familiar with one’s attractiveness, gritty seashore, and marine ecosystem. Most of the islands are rock-strewn on the east and rampart on the west. It encompasses to two islands group’s Andaman & Nicola Islands. There are 572 other Islands. The realm of the territory is 8,249 KM.
The Most Spoken Language in Andaman And Nicobar Islands
The majority of people speak Bengali as well as Hindi The languages of Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam are also prevalent in Andaman and Nicobar islands. The inhabitants in the Andaman Islands speak Andamanese that is the tiny population that speaks their Andamanese language.
It is believed that the Andaman and Nicobar Islands have a tropical forest canopy that is composed of a mix of flora that includes elements of Indian, Myanmar, Malaysian and indigenous floral species. At present, more than 2200 different species in plants are discovered among which 200 are indigenous and 1,300 are not present on mainland India.
In the South Andaman forests have an extensive epiphytic growth which includes mainly orchids and ferns. In the Middle Andamans harbours mostly moist deciduous forests. North Andamans is characterised by the type of evergreen that is wet, with a lot of woody climbers.
In the North Nicobar Islands (including Car Nicobar and Battimalv) are distinguished by the absence of evergreen forest, which are the majority of the vegetation in the southern and central islands in the Nicobar group.
Grasslands only occur in the Nicobars and, whereas deciduous forests are prevalent in the Andamans but they are largely not present in Nicobars. The current forest cover is said to comprise 86.2 percent of the land area.
This tropical rain forest despite its inaccessibility to adjacent land masses, is full of animal species. More than 50 kinds of forest mammals have been found to live within and around the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Some are endemic, like those of the Andaman wild boar.
Rodents comprise the largest category with 26 species being followed by 14 bat species. Of the larger mammals, There are 2 endemic [citation necessaryspecies of wild boar, Sus scrofa andamanensis from Andaman and Sus scrofa nicobaricus of Nicobar and Nicobar, both of which are protected under the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 (Sch I).
Saltwater crocodiles also occur in great numbers. It is the State Animal of Andaman is the dugong, also referred to by the name of sea cow located within Little Andaman.
In the year 1962, there was a plan to bring in the leopard but it was unsuccessful due to inadequate habitat. They were not well-thought out because exotic introductions can result in chaos to island fauna and flora.
Around 270 species of birds are found on the island 14 of which are native, with the majority belonging belong to those of the Nicobar Island group. The caves of the islands provide nesting sites to the edible-nest swiftlet the nests of which are sought-after in China for soup made from bird’s nests.
The region is home to 200 species of butterflies as well as moths. Ten species are native to the Islands. Mount Harriet National Park is one of the largest areas of moth and butterfly variety on the islands. The islands are famous for the coveted shellfish, specifically in Genera Turbo, Trochus, Murex and Nautilus.
Earliest recorded commercial exploitation began during 1929. Numerous cottage industries manufacture an array of shells with decorative products. Huge mussels, clams and oysters are edible shellfish. The shells of clams, scallops, and cockle get burned in kilns, resulting in edible lime.
Port Blair is that the Capital Of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Port Blair is that a painful reminder of the numerous oblation of the liberty fighters. The most important attraction of Port Blair is Cellular Jail. The maiN Purpose of creating this prison was the isolation of the Prisoners in an exceedingly separate cell as a punishment. The wings of the Cell are shown solely to present a Sence of Proportion. It’s one of all the most tourist attractions of Andaman & Nicobar. Port Blair is connected to major Indian territory by air and sea. The opposite main attractions of Port Blair is Jolly Buoy Island, Mount Harriet, Anthropological Museum, Sippighat Agricultural Farm, Cellular Jail, Wandoor& Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Japanese Bunkers, Chatham Saw Mill, Corbyn’s Cove, ChidiyaTapu, Samudrika Marine Museum, North Bay Island.
The Great Nicobar Island
The largest of the Nicobar Islands in India, the biggest Nicobar Island covers a vicinity of 1,045 sq km. The island incorporates a population of about 10,000 and is sparsely populated. The region was severely stricken by the 2004 tsunami within the Indian Ocean, causing numerous deaths and isolation from the surface world for some days. However, the massive island of Nicobar is legendary for its rainforests, which are home to a good type of wildlife and are a part of the globe Biosphere Reserve. The island is additionally homes to one of the oldest tribes in the world, the Shompans. Wildlife photographers can visit Campbell Bay with its many unique faunas, including the crab-eating Mecca, the large predatory crab, the megapod, and also the Nicobar pigeon. The opposite places to go to within the great Nicobar island are Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve, Indira Point, Campbell Bay.
Neil Island is known for its coral reefs and white beaches. The most effective time to visit its beaches is within the morning and evening. Morning time is very good for folks that want to travel snorkeling and luxuriate in the view of the coral reefs located here. The Neil Islands are referred to as the Coral Capital of the Andamans due to the beauty of the rocks located here. No must to worry if you’re not a snorkeling lover, you’ll be able to carry a hammer and book and luxuriate in the beach and luxuriate in the calm and cool and funky sea breeze yourself. There are several benches for pedestrians to relax on and native vendors selling coconut water. The opposite places to go to in Neil Island are Bharatpur Beach, Sitazpur Beach, Lakshmanpur Beach, Natural Bridge
The Rose Islands are famous for the remnants of the Penal facility before the Cellular Prison or Kala Pani. The prison was formerly accustomed to house political prisoners, and that we can still see the remains of the gallows on the island. The jail has housed several political prisoners since India’s independence struggle. The island has the remains of a fashionable British colonial past within the style of a bakery and bungalows. Despite being notorious during the colonial period, this place is one of all the foremost important tourist destinations within the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Place to go to Ross Island is Ross Island Penal facility, British Colony Ruins, Japanese bunkers, Barren Island, Forest Department Museum.
Havelock Islands is found on Radhanagar Beach, one in all the popular beaches in India. In 2004, Asia by Time magazine awarded Radnagar Beach as Asia’s Best Beach. Situated at a distance of 12 km from the Havelock Islands, this beach may be a must-visit. The water is chromatic and has no wave activity. Scuba diving, snorkeling, boating, and fishing can do a lot of activities. The beach is particularly popular with couples because it’s almost empty and therefore the serene atmosphere adds to the romance. The environment adds momentum to the like. You’ll be able to also enjoy elephant rides here. The most effective way to enjoy the beauty of the beach is to require a camera and walk an extended distance and click on the images between the white sand and also the blue water, the sunset on this beach could be a marvel. The opposite famous attractions of Havelock Islands are Elephant Beach, Kalapathar Beach, Vijaynagar Beach.
Baratang Island could be a must-visit destination for all those planning a visit to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The boat ride is roofed with a cover of the forest, which is additionally home to the indigenous ‘Jarwa’ tribe. However, sea crocodiles must use caution and not go near the water. The limestones here will attract your attention because the erosion has formed some unique forms. The help of an experienced guide will make this trip even more enjoyable as you’ll learn some interesting facts about the local tribes and therefore the history of those caves. The opposite main tourist attractions of this place are Mud Volcano, Parrot Island, Baludera Beach.
Tourist places in and around Andaman and Nicobar Islands the reserve is known for its relaxed and exotic beaches rich in unique flora and fauna. Although it’s difficult to incorporate all the places you’ll visit in this island paradise, we made a humble effort to say the places of major importance and may find an area on every tour.
How to reach Andaman and Nicobar
Port Blair the capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is the sole entrance and port of departure and it is connected via two routes: Air and Sea in Mainland (India). There are daily flights available with numerous airlines such as Air India, Go Air, Indigo, Jet Airways, Vistaara and SpiceJet from Chennai, Kolkata, Vizag and New Delhi.
How to reach Andaman and Nicobar Islands by Ship
Port Blair is also connected via ships from Kolkata, Chennai and Vizag and ships are operated at least once a month. The latest schedule for ships to Andaman and Nicobar Islands can be found here. http://www.andaman.gov.in/hi/web/guest/latest-updates Fares for ships to Andaman and Nicobar Islands are available here http://www.andaman.gov.in/web/guest/mainland-ship-fare-details
Q. what is the best time to visit Andaman & Nicobar?
October to May is the best time to visit the Andaman Islands. The best time visits the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is during the annual Tourism Festival in January.
Q. How many days you need to explore Andaman?
5 night and 6-day trip is best to cover all major visiting events. 9 nights and 10 days will give you time to explore all the islands and activities in your spare time.