Punjab is a North Indian state with excellent soil thanks to rivers like the Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej, which provide irrigation. For the remainder of the country, this fertile region provides a large source of agricultural products such as rice and wheat. The age-old forts, welcoming religious monuments, and the happy-go-lucky Sikh fraternity are just a few of the features of this cultural hotspot.
Visitors to Punjab should make a point of visiting the immaculate Golden Temple, the patriotic Wagah Border, the sculpture-filled Rock Garden, and the Kila Raipur Rural Sports Festival. Punjab attracts visitors from all over the world due to its diverse range of tourism attractions. Let’s take a look at how Punjab entices tourism prospects in this travel guide.
Throughout Punjab’s history, numerous tribes of people with different traditions and ideologies have migrated and settled, resulting in a melting pot of Punjabi civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization flourished before recorded history until roughly 1900 BCE, when it began to fall. Punjab was prosperous during the Vedic period, but with the development of the Mahajanapadas, it lost its primacy. During antiquity, the region served as the boundary for early civilizations such as Alexander’s and the Maurya empires.
The Kushan Empire, the Gupta Empire, and finally Harsha’s Empire conquered it. Nomadic peoples such as the Huna, Turkic, and Mongols continued to settle in Punjab. The Punjab was ruled by Muslims around 1000 CE and was a part of the Delhi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, and Durrani Empire.
After the fall of the Mughal Empire and the accompanying struggle with the Durrani Empire, Sikhism was created by the Sikh Gurus in the Punjab during the 15th and 17th centuries, resulting in the foundation of the Sikh Confederacy. Maharaja Ranjit Singh merged this confederacy into the Sikh Empire in 1801.
In 1849, the British East India Company acquired the wider Punjab territory from the Sikh Empire. Following extensive religious violence in 1947, British India’s Punjab Province was partitioned into West Punjab and East Punjab based on religious lines. The West Punjab was annexed by Muslim-majority Pakistan, whereas the East Punjab was annexed by Hindu-majority India.
On November 1, 1966, the Indian Punjab and PEPSU were separated into three regions based on language following the Punjabi Suba movement. Haryana was founded from Haryanvi and Hindi-speaking territories (including multiple dialects), while Himachal Pradesh was developed from mountainous regions and Pahari-speaking areas, along with the modern state of Punjab. During the 1980s, there was an insurgency in Punjab.
Punjab’s economy is currently the 15th largest state economy in India, with a gross domestic product of US$72 billion and a per capita GDP of US$2,300, placing 17th among Indian states. Punjab has been primarily an agrarian society since independence. In the human development index, it is ranked ninth among Indian states. Punjab’s tourist, music, culinary, and film industries are thriving.
Since ancient India, Hinduism has been practiced throughout the Punjab region. Punjab was known as Trigarta and controlled by Katoch kings at the time when the epic Mahabharata was written, around 800–400 BCE.
Cities like Ropar were part of the Indus Valley Civilization, which encompassed much of the Punjab region. The Vedic Civilization spanned the length of the Sarasvati River, including most of northern India, including Punjab, and paved the ground for Hinduism’s creation and synthesis.
Punjabi Hinduism, like Hinduism in other parts of India, has evolved with time to become a combination of culture and history. Hindus believe that Dharma can be used to purify the soul (Atman) and connect with a higher “everlasting energy” (Paramtm). Hindus respect ancient writings that describe accounts of deities (Devas and Devis) who had reached their peak Paramtm in Punjab, as in many other parts of Northern India.
In Hinduism, deities are revered for their involvement in ancient Indian history, as they were upholders of the Dharma principles in the past. Ishvara Bhagavan, Hindus believe, reveals itself through these Devas and Devis. Rama and Sita from the Ramayana, Krishna and Radha from the Mahabharata, the Trimurti and Tridevi of Shiva and Parvati, Vishnu and Lakshmi, and Brahma and Sarasvati, as well as other famous deities like Durga, Ganesha, and Hanuman, are among the major deities adored.
Many Hindus value different spiritual ways and religious traditions because they believe Dharma is global and grows over time. They think that every tradition capable of nurturing one’s Atman should be welcomed and passed forward. Hinduism invites everyone to find their own path to self-realization, whether through Bhagavan or other forms of devotion and meditation. During the 15th century, Sikhism arose in the Punjab region.
Punjab is home to around 75 percent of the world’s Sikh population. Sikhism was founded during Babur’s conquest of northern India. Akbar, his grandson, was a supporter of religious liberty and had a favorable opinion of Sikhism after seeing Guru Amar Das’ langar. He contributed land to the langar as a result of his visit, and he had a good relationship with the Sikh Gurus till his death in 1605.
Jahangir, his successor, considered the Sikhs as a political threat. Because of Sikh support for Khusrau Mirza, he arrested Guru Arjun Dev and sentenced him to death through torture. Following Guru Arjan Dev’s martyrdom, Guru Hargobind established Sikh dominion by building the Akal Takht and constructing a fort to safeguard Amritsar.
By imprisoning Guru Hargobind at Gwalior, Jahangir attempted to exert his control over the Sikhs. When he began to have visions of an early and horrific death, he felt forced to free him. The Guru refused to be released unless Jahangir consented to liberate the hundreds of Hindu lords who were imprisoned alongside him.
After Jahangir’s death in 1627, Sikhism had no further problems with the Mughal Empire. After a series of assaults on Amritsar, Shah Jahan “took offense” at Guru Hargobind’s sovereignty and compelled the Sikhs to flee to the Sivalik Hills. Guru Har Rai, Guru Hargobind’s successor, kept the guruship in the Sivalik Hills by resisting local attempts to take Sikh land and remaining neutral in the Timurid dynasty’s power struggle between Aurangzeb and Dara Shikoh.
In defiance of Mughal rule, the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, relocated the Sikh community to Anandpur and traveled extensively to visit and preach in Sikh villages. He was imprisoned and confronted by Aurangzeb for assisting Kashmiri Hindus in escaping conversion to Islam. When given the option of conversion or death, he chose death and was executed. Guru Gobind Singh took over the guruship in 1675 and shifted the guruship to Paunta to avoid fights with the Sivalik Hill Rajas.
To safeguard the city, he constructed a massive fort and garrisoned an army. The Sivalik Hill Rajas were worried by the Sikh community’s growing influence and tried an attack on the city, but the Guru’s army crushed them at the Battle of Bhangani. On 13 April 1699, he proceeded to Anandpur and founded the Khalsa, a collective army of baptized Sikhs. The Khalsa was formed to unite the Sikh community in opposition to Mughal-backed contenders to the guruship.
In 1701, the Sivalik Hill Rajas and the Mughal army under Wazir Khan assaulted Anandpur and were defeated by the Khalsa at the Battle of Muktsar, followed a retreat by the Khalsa. After meeting Guru Gobind Singh at Nanded, ascetic Banda Singh Bahadur converted to Sikhism. Guru Gobind Singh gave him a letter commanding all Sikhs to join him shortly before his death, telling him to eradicate Mughal tyranny in Punjab. After collecting support for two years, Banda Singh Bahadur launched an agrarian insurrection by dismantling the enormous estates of Zamindar families and distributing the land to the poor Sikh and Hindu peasants who farmed it.
The failure of Mughal soldiers at Samana and Sadhaura kicked off Banda Singh Bahadur’s rebellion, which culminated in the destruction of Sirhind. During the revolt, Banda Singh Bahadur made a point of destroying Mughal cities that had been harsh to Sikhs, and Wazir Khan was executed in retaliation for the deaths of Guru Gobind Singh’s sons, Baba Zorawar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh, following the Sikh victory at Sirhind.
He ruled the region between the Sutlej and the Yamuna rivers, built a capital at Lohgarh in the Himalayas, and coined the titles Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh.
There were ongoing confrontations with the Sikhs in 1762. The Muslim province administration based in Lahore launched Vadda Ghalughara, an offensive that began with the Mughals, with the Chhota Ghallughara, and lasted several decades under its Muslim successor governments, with 30,000 Sikhs slaughtered.
The lake was once again filled with cow guts, and the restored Harminder Sahib was destroyed. Between the Sutlej River on the north, the Himalayas on the east, the Yamuna River and Delhi District on the south, and Sirsa District on the west, the Cis-Sutlej states were a set of states in contemporary Punjab and Haryana states. The Scindhia dynasty of the Maratha Empire ruled these states.
Until the Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803–1805, when the Marathas lost this area to the British, various Sikh sardars and other Rajas of the Cis-Sutlej provinces paid homage to the Marathas. Kaithal, Patiala, Jind, Thanesar, Maler Kotla, and Faridkot were among the Cis-Sutlej states.
Punjab is located in northern India and covers an area of 50,362 square kilometers (19,445 sq mi). Punjab is bordered on the west by Pakistan’s Punjab province, on the north by Jammu & Kashmir, on the northeast by Himachal Pradesh, and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan. The majority of Punjab is covered by a rich, alluvial plain with several rivers and a huge irrigation canal network.
At the foot of the Himalayas, a band of undulating hills stretches throughout the northeastern half of the state. It has an average elevation of 300 meters (980 feet) above sea level, with a range of 180 meters (590 feet) in the southwest to over 500 meters (1,600 feet) towards the northeast boundary. The semiarid southwest of the state eventually merges with the Thar Desert.
Topography, flora, and parent rock all have a minor influence on soil properties. Because of regional climate variances, the variation in soil profile characteristics is significantly more pronounced. On the basis of soil types, Punjab is classified into three distinct regions: southwestern, central, and eastern. Punjab is divided into three seismic zones: II, III, and IV. Zone II is classified as a low-damage risk zone, zone III as a moderate-damage risk zone, and zone IV as a high-damage risk zone.
Punjab’s geology and subtropical latitudinal location cause considerable temperature swings from month to month. Ground frost is frequent in the bulk of Punjab during the winter season, despite the fact that only a few locations suffer temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F). With high humidity and gloomy skies, the temperature gradually climbs. When the sky is clear and the humidity is low, though, the temperature rises quickly.
Mid-May and June are the months with the highest temperatures. During this time, the temperature throughout the entire region remained over 40 °C (104 °F). The highest maximum temperature was 46.1 °C (115.0 °F) in Ludhiana, with 45.5 °C (113.9 °F) in Patiala and Amritsar. For one and a half months in the summer, the maximum temperature in Ludhiana remains above 41 °C (106 °F). In January, these places had the coldest temperatures. During these months, the sun’s rays are oblique, and cool winds regulate the temperature during the day.
From December through February, Punjab has the lowest temperature. Amritsar had the coldest temperature (0.2 °C (32.4 °F) while Ludhiana had the warmest (0.5 °C (32.9 °F). During the winter, the region’s minimum temperature remains below 5 °C (41 °F) for about two months.
These regions’ lowest minimum temperatures in June are higher than the daytime maximum temperatures in January and February. For more than two months, Ludhiana has seen low temperatures above 27 °C (81 °F). The state’s annual average temperature is around 21 degrees Celsius (70 degrees Fahrenheit).
In addition, the average monthly temperature ranges from 9 °C (48 °F) in July to around 18 °C (64 °F) in November. The biodiversity of the area is diverse, with 396 different bird species, 214 different Lepidoptera species, 55 different fish species, 20 different reptile species, and 19 different mammals. Punjab contains many zoological parks, as well as huge wetland areas and bird sanctuaries that house a variety of bird species.
The national wetland Hari-Ke-Pattan, the wetland of Kanjli, and the wetlands of Kapurthala Sutlej are among the wetlands. The Harike in Tarn Taran Sahib’s region, the Zoological Park in Rupnagar, Chhatbir Bansar Garden in Sangrur, Aam Khas Bagh in Sirhind, Amritsar’s famous Ram Bagh Palace, Shalimar Garden in Kapurthala, and the famous Baradari Garden in Patiala are just a few of the wildlife sanctuaries.
Crocodiles can be found in a couple of Punjab’s rivers. Another thriving sector in the state is the extraction of silk from silkworms. Honey from bees is produced in several areas of Punjab. Camels can be observed in the southern plains because it is desert territory. Buffaloes graze along the riverbanks.
Horses can be found in the northern region. Many other wild animal species can be found in wildlife reserves, including the otter, wild boar, wildcat, fruit bat, hog deer, flying fox, squirrel, and mongoose. The Shivalik hills in the districts of Ropar, Gurdaspur, and Hoshiarpur have naturally created woods. The Bir forest may be found in Patiala, whereas the Mand forest can be found in Punjab’s marshes.
Botanical gardens can be found all across Punjab. There are three deer parks, as well as a zoological park and a tiger safari park. The northern goshawk (baz) (Accipiter gentilis) is the state bird, the blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) is the state animal, the Indus river dolphin (Platanista minor) is the state aquatic animal, and the shisham is the state tree (Dalbergia sissoo). Punjab is governed by a parliamentary representative democracy system.
Each of India’s states is governed by a parliamentary system, with a ceremonial state governor nominated by the President of India on the advice of the central government. The government is led by an indirectly elected Chief Minister who wields the majority of executive powers. The government’s term is five years long.
With 117 members elected from single-seat constituencies, the state legislature, the Vidhan Sabha, is the unicameral Punjab Legislative Assembly. The current government was elected in the 2017 Assembly elections, with the Congress winning 77 of the 117 seats, and Amarinder Singh serving as Chief Minister. Punjab is divided into twenty-two districts and five administrative divisions.
Chandigarh, which also serves as the capital of Haryana and is thus managed independently as a Union Territory of India, is the capital of Punjab. The Punjab and Haryana High Court in Chandigarh serves as the state government’s judicial branch.
The Shiromani Akali Dal, a right-wing party linked with the Bharatiya Janata Party at the national level, and the Indian National Congress, a centrist party, are the two largest political parties in the state.
Charanjit Singh Channi is the current Prime Minister. Since 1950, President’s Rule has been implemented in Punjab eight times for various causes. In terms of days, Punjab was under President’s authority for 3,510 days, or around ten years. Much of this happened in the 1980s, when Punjabi militancy was at its peak.
From 1987 to 1992, Punjab was under President’s authority for five years in a row. Punjab Police is in charge of maintaining state law and order. The Punjab police force is led by DGP Dinkar Gupta and employs 70,000 people. It is run by 22 district chiefs known as SSPs, who are in charge of state matters.
Punjab’s gross domestic product (GDP) is $72 billion. Punjab is one of India’s most fertile regions. Wheat can be grown successfully in this area. Rice, sugar cane, as well as fruits and vegetables, are farmed. Punjab in India is known as the “Granary of India” or “India’s Breadbasket.”
It produces 10.26% of India’s cotton, 19.5 percent of the country’s wheat, and 11% of the country’s rice. The districts of Firozpur and Fazilka produce the most wheat and rice in the state. In terms of global production, Indian Punjab produces 2% of the world’s cotton, 2% of the world’s wheat, and 1% of the world’s rice.
Punjab was first among Indian states in GDP per capita in 1981 and fourth in 2001, although it has grown more slowly than the rest of the country, with the second-slowest GDP per capita growth rate of all Indian states and UTs between 2000 and 2010, trailing only Manipur. The presence of copious water sources and excellent soils has made Punjab’s economy predominantly agricultural-based since the Green Revolution; the majority of the state resides in a fertile alluvial plain with many rivers and a huge irrigation canal system.
Wheat is the most widely grown crop. Rice, cotton, sugarcane, pearl millet, maize, barley, and citrus are among major crops. Rice and wheat are grown side by side in Punjab, with rice stalks being burned off millions of acres before wheat is planted. This common habit pollutes the environment and wastes resources.
Punjab, known as India’s breadbasket, accounts for roughly 15-20% of India’s wheat production, around 12% of its rice production, and around 5% of its milk production despite comprising only 1.53% of the country’s land area. Despite accounting for only 21% of the state’s population, the Jat Sikh group owns between 80%-95 percent of Punjab’s agricultural land. About 10% of Punjab’s population is made up of farm laborers who come from poorer regions in the southeast, such as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
Financial services, scientific instrument production, agricultural goods, electrical goods, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, fertilisers, bicycles, clothes, and pine oil and sugar processing are among the other important businesses.
Mineral and energy resources are also important to Punjab’s economy, but to a lesser level. Punjab has the most steel rolling mill factories in India, with Mandi Gobindgarh in the Fatehgarh Sahib area serving as “Steel Town.” Punjab also has a sizable diaspora, especially in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada, which numbers around 3 million people and sends billions of dollars in remittances back to the province, contributing significantly to its economy.
Punjab uses 223.46 kilograms of fertiliser per acre, compared to 90 kilograms nationally. For ten years, from 1991 to 1992 to 1998–99 and 2001 to 2003–04, the state received the National Productivity Award for agriculture extension services. A decrease in productivity has been noted in recent years, owing primarily to declining soil fertility.
This is thought to be the result of years of overuse of fertilizers and pesticides. Another source of concern is the rapidly declining water table, which supports about 90% of agriculture; significant declines have been observed in recent years. According to some estimations, groundwater levels are dropping by a meter or more each year. Punjab has the lowest degree of hunger in India, according to the India State Hunger Index.
How To Reach Punjab
Punjab is a tourist-drawing state known for its strong emigrant links and the attractive Sikh population that lives here. The state is known as the “Granary of India” since it is one of the greatest agricultural producers in the country. Punjab also has a lot of potential as an industrial centre in India, thanks to its thriving manufacturing and textile industries.
Airways that connect to Amritsar are the quickest method to go to Punjab. Trains and buses, among other modes of transportation, give excellent access to other parts of India via Delhi. Let’s take a look at some of the most convenient ways to enter Punjab.
1. By Air
Punjab has numerous major airports that provide excellent connection to the province’s tourism attractions, including Ludhiana, Amritsar, and Chandigarh. Tourists arriving from other countries can use Punjab’s international airport to enter the province. Visitors arriving from other Indian states, on the other hand, would find easy access through the airports of Ludhiana and Chandigarh.
Uzbekistan Airlines, Turkmenistan Airlines, Air India, and Kingfisher Red are among the major airlines that provide strong connectivity to other areas of the world. Tourists can take a cab or a taxi from the airport to their desired destination.
2. By Rail
Punjab boasts a vast railway network that connects visitors to even the tiniest settlements around the state. Ludhiana, Chandigarh, Ferozepur, Pathankot, Amritsar, and Jalandhar are among the most important railway stations. The railhead in Delhi is where the majority of trains arriving in Punjab from the rest of India pass through.
Express trains such as the Amritsar Shatabdi, Moga Shatabdi, Golden Temple Mail, Punjab Mail, and Shan-e-Punjab are available to both visitors and locals. The states of Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, and Haryana are commonly traversed by these low-cost trains.
3. By Road
Punjab is endowed with a good network of highways that connect it to the rest of the country. The Grand Trunk Road and National Highway 1 provide great access to the northern and eastern parts of India. Tourists are sure to have a gorgeous journey with the lush foliage on both sides of these routes.
To avoid the heat, adventurous travelers generally ride their motorcycles through the treacherous ghats on their route into Punjab. Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh are just a few of the neighboring states with fantastic highway networks that go into or through Punjab.
4. Getting Around
When visiting Punjab, tourists can use private buses, state-run buses, taxis, cabs, and tempos, among other modes of transportation. The three-wheeler autorickshaw is the most popular mode of transportation in the state, and it also allows tourists to haggle on the hiring price. Tourists who want a more luxurious mode of transportation typically hire a taxi or a private cab to navigate around Punjab.
The bus transportation system in Punjab has been enhanced with the introduction of air-conditioned and premium buses. Buses routinely go into Punjab from other parts of India, including Maharashtra, Goa, and Rajasthan.
Weather And Best Time To Visit Punjab
Punjab is a dynamic state full with people who choose to spend their lives doing things that make them happy. Whether it’s the state’s illustrious past or its vibrant festivals, they all manage to provide travelers with a variety of experiences. Summer, Monsoon, and Winter are the three main seasons experienced in Punjab.
The summer season in Punjab is hot and humid, whereas the monsoon season, with its significant rainfall, cools things down. The nice and friendly weather of the winter season, on the other hand, makes it the greatest time of year to visit Punjab. Let us read on to learn how the different seasons welcome visitors.
1. The season of summer (March to May)
The summer season in Punjab begins in March and lasts until the end of May. The weather is hot and dry during this time of year, with temperatures ranging from 29°C to 45°C. During the summer, Punjab is subjected to hot loo winds blowing across its land. Around this period, cities like Jalandhar and Moga have the most tropical climate in the state.
Tourists normally avoid visiting Punjab in the summer because of the oppressive heat that pervades the province. A few lucky people who visit Punjab during the start of the summer season may be able to participate in the Baisakhi festival’s spectacular celebrations.
2. Monsoon season (June to September)
The monsoon season in Punjab runs from June to September. The monsoon winds and heavy rains provide relief from the summer heat for both inhabitants and visitors. The climate is often moist and arid, with rainfall ranging from 300 to 1000 mm. Travel choices may be limited due to the heavy rain. The lush foliage that springs up all over the state, on the other hand, provides tourists with stunning scenery. Tourists who visit Punjab during the month of August can enjoy the Teeyan festival’s festivities.
3. The season of winter (October to February)
Punjab’s winter season begins in early October and lasts till February. The weather is quiet and pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 0 to 26 degrees Celsius. Winter is the finest time of year to visit Punjab’s tourism attractions because of the lovely weather and numerous events.
Lohri, Basant Panchami, and Hola Mohalla are some of the most popular annual fiestas for travelers. During Basant Panchami, visitors can either pray for blessings in front of a traditional Lohri bonfire or compete in furious kite-flying competitions. Visitors can also watch horseback riding competitions and martial arts demonstrations at Hola Mohalla.
Tourist Attractions in Punjab
The state of Punjab is located in India’s northern hemisphere and is named after the five rivers that run through it. The state is well-known for its diverse cultural history, historical roots, and delectable food. Tourists visiting Punjab are bound to be taken aback by the beaming faces and joyful spirit of the residents.
Ludhiana, Amritsar, Patiala, Jalandhar, Chandigarh, Pathankot, and Bathinda are just a few of the attractive towns in Punjab. The metropolis of farmlands and forts is likely to enchant visitors. Let us take a look at some of the intriguing tourist destinations in Punjab that may be visited on a tour.
Chandigarh is a union territory that serves as the capital of both the Haryana and Punjab provinces. Chandigarh is India’s best-planned city, with high-class architectural prowess and an extraordinary quality of life. Visitors to the city should make a point of taking a boat ride over the beautiful Sukhna Lake.
Rock Garden, Rose Garden, and Leisure Valley are some of Chandigarh’s other notable tourist attractions. The Leisure Valley is home to Asia’s largest rose garden, while the Rock Garden is made up of amenities made from abandoned industrial and municipal trash. Another well-known UNESCO World Heritage Site is Chandigarh’s Capitol Complex.
Amritsar, known for housing the historic Golden Temple, serves as the Sikh community’s religious and aesthetic center. The city instills a mystical sensation in all visitors who set foot on its grounds. Those who visit during the Baisakhi holiday will find high-quality shopping options in clothing stores, delectable food, and interesting cultural festivals.
Most importantly, historical places such as the Wagah Border and the site of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre can entice patriotic Indians and visitors alike. Amritsar’s thriving commercial and tourism possibilities make it one of Northern India’s most important centres.
Ludhiana, the state capital of Punjab, is perfectly situated along the banks of the Sutlej River. This city has managed to keep its old origins, which date back to the Lodi monarchy. Ludhiana’s thriving hosiery sector has helped it become one of India’s most important manufacturing cities.
Ludhiana has religious significance in addition to its industrial significance, thanks to the ancient forts and gurudwaras that dot its landscape. Visitors to Qila Raipur in January and February will have the opportunity to see the popular Rural Olympics hosted by the local government.
Pathankot is nestled among the foothills of the cities of Dalhousie and Kangra, and is known as the entry point to the states of Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Several states, including Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, and Himachal Pradesh, meet in this metropolis.
Tourists visiting Pathankot could pay a visit to the area surrounding the Indian Naval and Army forces’ headquarters to see the country’s majestic military capabilities. Kathgarh temple, Shahpurkandi Fort, Mukteshwar Temple, and Nagni Temple are some of the city’s other notable religious shrines.
Patiala is one of Punjab’s main cities, strategically located in the state’s southern region. The city’s ardent traditional festivities and architectural treasures are two of the city’s hallmarks. Patiala, a former princely kingdom, is known for its architectural marvels, which include a colorful blend of Rajput and Mughal styles.
The Paranda and Patiala Salwar worn by Punjabi women and the Patiala Shahi Pag worn by Sikh men make up the traditional dress of the locals. The array of local gastronomic delicacies in the town’s older area is likely to impress visitors. Last but not least, the Patiala Peg, a unique method of gauging liquor, is well-known throughout India.
Jalandhar is a notable town in the Punjab state since it was formerly the home of the renowned Indus Valley Civilization. The Mahabharatha designated Jalandhar as Prasthala; but, under the British administration, the city was called Jullundur. This modern-day cultural centre was the state capital of Punjab before Indian independence, and it is one of the province’s oldest towns.
Traditional dance genres from Jalandhar, like as Bhangra, Giddha, and Jhumar, are vibrantly performed at every festival. With such deep historical and theological roots, shrines like Imam Nasir Masjid and Gurudwara Chhevin Padshahi are among the most popular tourist attractions.
Bathinda is a historically and religiously significant tourist destination in Punjab, with roots dating back to 7000 BC. The modern-day city of Bathinda was built in 965 AD by Bala Rao Bhatti, a ruler from the Bhati Rajput tribe. Bathinda is patriotically significant since it was here that Guru Gobind Singh fought the formidable Mughals.
Bathinda’s top tourist attractions include Bahia Fort, Peer Haji Rattan’s Mazaar, Chetak Park, Quila Mubarak, and the Zoological Gardens. Bathinda is also a pioneering industrial city, with thermal plants, chemical facilities, and cement factories dotting its landscape.
8. Anandpur Sahib
Anandpur Sahib is located in the Rupnagar district and shares a border with Pakistan. This city is known all over the world as the location where Guru Gobind Singh formed the Khalsa Panth in 1699. Pathankot is one of the holiest cities in the world due to the development of multiple hallowed gurudwaras throughout its extent.
Apart from their religious significance, the city’s five beautiful forts also serve as reminders of its past status as a military powerhouse. The city’s name is derived from the Qila Anandgarh Sahib, a magnificent fort strategically constructed as a military residence. Qila Lohgarh Sahib, Qila Fatehgarh Sahib, and Qila Holgarh Sahib are all important forts.